Arwas n waṭṭan n Kuṛunavirus 2019-20

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Arwas n waṭṭan n Kuṛunavirus 2019-20
COVID-19 Nurse (cropped).jpg
Arwas, urgence de santé publique de portée internationale, flambée épidémique
LieuWuhan Ẓreg
Pays d’origineCcinwa Ẓreg
Date2020 Ẓreg
Date de début1 Duǧember 2019 Ẓreg
Point de départAlzuz n Wuhan i yimeččiyen iwlalen Ẓreg
A pour causeSARS-CoV-2 Ẓreg
A pour cause immédiateSARS-CoV-2 Ẓreg
Hashtag2019nCoV, COVID19FOAM Ẓreg
Liste d'élémentsAnfufed n Covid-19 s unect n iwunak, List of healthcare workers who died during COVID-19 outbreak Ẓreg
Histoirechronologie de l'épidémie de maladie à coronavirus de 2019-2020 Ẓreg
Décrit à l'URLhttps://www.who.int/emergencies/diseases/novel-coronavirus-2019 Ẓreg
Catégorie pour cartes géograhiquesCategory:Maps about the 2019–20 coronavirus outbreak Ẓreg

Arwas n waṭṭan n Kuṛunavirus 2019-20 d arwas amadlan n imir-a i waṭṭan n Coronavirus 2019 (Covid-19) id ileffun s usrag (id iḍerrun s ssebba) n Coronavirus 2 n temsedfert tamesguneft tanamsadt tamekruzt (SARS-CoV-2). Yettwakez-d g tazwara deg tlemmast n wayyur n dujamber 2019 deg temdint n Wuhan di tmurt n Ccinwa anda id ttwakez tegrawt n yimdanen yuɣiten waṭṭan n buturin maca ur ẓrin ara d acu i d aɣbalu-ynes ɣas akken yeqqen ar s talɣa tagejdant ar yimdanen ixeddmen g ulzuz n Wuhan i yimeččiyen iwlalen anda ttnuzen iɣersiwen imidduren yakk d win yemmuksen (yemmuten). Sin akin kra n imusnawen n Ccinwa ssinfen (ɛezlen) Kuṛunavirus amaynu. Yerna efkan-as isem n SARS-CoV-2, maca ur d-yentem ara (ud y-ttuwekked ara) d akken-it d amsulles (qessiḥ) neɣ izmer ar ineɣ s tezmert n SARS .[1][2][3][4]. Deg wass n 11 meɣres 2020 tessiseml-it tuddsa tamadlant n tdawsa d akken-it d tasakrart tamadlant. [5]

Coronavirus yezmer ad yenṭeṭ s talɣa tusridt gar n ifganen (imdanen) akken id yettbin d akken isig n wenṭaṭ yuli deg tlemmast n yennayer 2020

Aṭas n tmura deg Uruppa d Temrikt tagafant d Asya ssilfen-t-d ɣef tuwwṭa n waṭṭan n Coronavirus ar wakal-nsent [6]. Tallit n tezdalt d tin yettaṭṭafen 5 n wussan neɣ ugar, akken illan inzan imenza d akken yezmer ad yili d amanṭaṭ send ma ad binen iskanen, iskanen-a gan d tawla, tusut d bungaf akken i yezmer ad yawi ar tmekkest (lmut)

Seg 31 yennayer 2020 yettusentem (yettuwekked) ɣef tilin n 75,775 n tmelliyin (liḥalat) gar-asent timelliyin yellan deg yakk igrzda n Ccinwa[7][8][9][10] gar n 41 n yimdanen id yuttusentem d akken ineṭṭ-iten waṭṭan, yettwakkez-d d akken sin n ikṛaden (⅔) deg-sen lan (sɛan) assaɣ ɣer ulzuz n Wuhan i yimeččiyen iwlalen. [11][12][13][14]. Timekkest (lmut) tamezwarut s waṭṭan-a yella-d deg wass n 29 yennayer, dɣa seg wass-nni llant-d 9,377 n tmekkisin

Anfufed amezwaru i waṭṭan-a deg uzɣar (beṛṛa) n Ccinwa yella-d g tmurt n Vietnam. Iduba n waṭas n iwunak erran-d tamawt ɣef werzaf d yinig ɣer Wuhan d Hubei akken id ssutren ɣef iminigen id yuɣalen seg Ccinwa ad ssersen iman-nsen deg usasnef i wazal n 14 ar 20 n wussan w ad ssiwlen i wemsuji i wakken ad iẓer ma it-ddem avirus

Imusnawen seg Ccinwa ssawṭen ad ssinfen (ad ɛezlen) w ad ukzen agzam n ADN n uvirus. Akken ifkan isalen-is i wid-ak nniden i wakken ad sniflen Tasedmirt tanmezrit n Polimiraz PCR s talɣa tafulmant i wesnirem n waṭṭan. Akken i yettuleɣ d akken aselkem n ujinum 2019-nCoV d win yellan seg 75 ar 80% am uselkem n SARS yakk d ugar n 58% d Coronavirus n isaylalen (iberdeɣyal). Maca ur iban ara ma yella avirus-a d win yettakken assaɣ ar SARS.

Anfufed n waṭṭan n Covid-19[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Yettwasnirem-d waṭṭan n Covid-19 i tikkelt tamezwarut deg temdint n Wuhan id yezgan di tlemmast n Ccinwa deg wayyur n dujamber 2019. Imusnawen ttɣilen d akken aṭṭan-a yekka-d seg iɣersiwen sin akin ineṭṭ-d ar yimdanen s iɣersiwen-nni ig yuɣ waṭṭan-a deg ulzuz n tnezzut n iɣersiwen, sin akin yerna Yenfufed ar igezda n iden n Ccinwa deg wussan imezwura d ilemmasen n wayyur n yennayer s usrag n tfaskiwin n yixef useggas n Ccinwa, ma d tignatin n waṭṭan id ibanen deg beṛṛa n Ccinwa d tid id yelfan s usrag n yinig agreɣlan: Taylanda (13 yennayer)؛ Yapan (15 yennayer)؛ Kurya n unẓul (20 yennayer)؛ Taywan d Iwunak Yeddukklen (21 yennayer)؛ Hong Kong Makaw (22 yennayer)؛ Singapur (23 yennayer)؛ Fransa d Nipal Vietnam (24 yennayer)؛ Ustṛalya d Malisya (25 yennayer)؛ Kanada (26 yennayer)؛ Kambudya (27 yennayer)؛ Lalman (28 yennayer) Finlanda d Sri Lanka d Emaret Yeddukklen d Rusya d Swid (31 yennayer). [15][16] akken yettwasilef ɣef tmekkest (lmut) n 5 n wid yudnen s Covid-19 deg temdint n Qom deg talemmast n Iran yerna kra n izeṭṭa n isallen n iran irmadduden nnan-d d akken timekkisin ulint ar 9, ayen yeǧǧan adabu n Yiraq ad tessers tisekrifin (ad tesseḥreṣ) ɣef yinig seg d ɣer tmurt n Iran akken id teldi immasen n usasnef deg tewwura n tlisa gar n snat n tmura s usrag n wenṭaṭ n uvirus-a ar Iyiraqiyen, akken daɣen id tessebded (tesseḥbes) tufkit n lviza .[17]

Adlif/ Tawenɣa[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Tagertilt n wedlif i tmura n umadal tesskanay-d tignatin n yigimen yettwasentmen s Covid-19 seg 12 yennayer ar 29 fuṛaṛ


Amdan n yigimen
 Deg umadal  G Ccinwa
Alammi d 18 meɣres 2020

S unect n isefka n tuddsa tamadlant n tdawsa Erreur de syntaxe

Isekna d izmal[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Wid ig yuɣ waṭṭan-a yezmer Ur d-tbanayen ara fellasen yisekna seg 7 ar 14 n wussan imezwura akken i zemren ad sneflin iskanen ilektuyen am tusut, tawla, bungaf yakk d utmelli (ɛeyyu)

Akken i yezmer usnefli n waṭṭan seld n imiren ad iglu s bungaf amekruz d unegges aserkan d tmekkest

Tallit n tezdalt (tallit gar n wenṭaṭ d tuffɣa n iskanen) d tin yettaṭṭafen gar n yiwen n wassar 14 n wussan. Maca amur ameqran deg-sent d tid yeṭṭefen 5 n wussan

Isekna[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Seg 20 fuṛaṛ, iskanen n Covid-19 d wid igan ttemcabin ar yiskanen n tussit:

Dɣa tawla tezmer ad tbin kra n wussan seld n tusut

Isragen (ssebbat)[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Anṭaṭ[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Tarrayt n wenṭaṭ tagejdant tettili-d seg wemdar ar wemdan n iden s tikciyin timesgunefin am unezzu d tusut. Tuddsa tamadlant n tdawsa txeddem g uskazal i wakken ad tẓer ma yella wenṭaṭ araskan d wenṭaṭ s tawla kecmen deg iɣunab n wenṭaṭ igejdanen.[18], ɣef wanect-a yessefk ad yili westum gar n yimdanen 1,5 ma drus i wakken ur yettenṭaṭ ara waṭṭan ma yenzi-d (iɛeṭs-d) kra n yiwen

Timiqwa yessawaṭen Kuṛunavirus tt-ɣamayen-t ugglent (ttwaɛelqen-t) deg uzwu i kra n wakud Kan sin akin ad ɣlint f kra am tgida (ṭṭabla) neɣ kra n tɣawsa ayen yettaǧǧan avirus-nni ad yenṭeṭ ma yeṭṭsa-t (imuss-it) kra n wemdan aladɣa ma yeṭṭsa imi-ynes neɣ allen-is neɣ inzaren-is send ma yessared ifassen-is s waman d userrad Akken yettwasemter (yettwanṣeḥ) s usired n ifassen seg wakud ar wayeṭ, anda yezmer ad yenṭeṭ yigim s tuṭṭsa n tummeẓt n tewwurt yummsen s uvirus ar ifassen sin akin ad yenteṭ mi ara ad yeṭs allen-is neɣ imi-s neɣ anzaren-is i wakken ad yaf uvirus abrid ar unagraw amesgunef n wemdan. Ifruriyen neɣ tifawin ɣef Covid-19 d tid ur nelli ara alammi d ass n 26 fuṛaṛ 2020 maca yettuɣil d akken yettemcabi i yivirusen n Kuṛuna n iden iy zemren ad qqimen ddren deg sufel n imɣuzen neɣ n temzukin d uplastik i wakud iy zemren ad yaweṭ ar 9 n wussan deg teẓɣelt yemnummsen, Asizdeg n tjummiwin yezmer ad yili s usexdem n tnegwa am itanul s usfaṭ-is i tenzagt (lmudda) n yiwet n tesdidt ma drus.[19][20] Llan istigen neɣ isazlen ɣef amdan n umesserni agejdan (amdan alemmas i yezmer wemdan yudnen ad isneṭṭ i yimdanen ur nudin ara) gar 2,13 d 4,82 seg 24 yennayer 2020, akken id yettwaselɣen ɣef tezmert n uvirus deg wenṭaṭ s tezrart yessawaṭen ar 4 n medden, ayen yeǧǧan aṭṭan-a ad yemcabi ar SARS-CoV.[21][22][23]

Tuddsa tamadlant n tdawsa tura-d daɣen: «Ɣas akken amezruy n SARS d Kuṛunavirus yeqqnen ar Temsedfart tamesguneft n usamer alemmas yesseken-d d akken anṭaṭ-nsen s wučč d win iy zemren ad yili, yessefk ɣef wemdan ad yessew aksum d ifarisen iɣersawen akken iwata».[24]. Yettuɣil s waṭas d akken avirus-a iga d aɣressagma, ɣef wanect-a ad yili ineṭṭ-d seg uɣersiw ar wemdan ɣas akken taluft-a mazal ur tettwasentmen ara. [25]

Deg wass n 18 meɣres 2020, aṭas n tmura n Uruppa am Fṛansa d Lalman d Ṭelyan d tid n iden leqment-d tiɣtasin n usegdel (amnaɛ) n imsegrawen i wakken ad ssutlen (ad ḥuṣren) anfufed n waṭṭan-a, amdya Ṭelyan ur neǧǧi ara imdanen ad ffɣen seg yixxamen-nsen deg kra n iɣiren d igezda i teṭṭef tzitmurt akken id tukez ula d asegrew deg twaculin anda tessinef (teɛzel) imɣaren acku d nutni yakk yettwaggzen s talɣa tamsullest (taqessḥant) s waṭṭan-a ma ikecmiten waṭṭan. Ma d ilemẓiyen d warrac meẓẓiyen d wid ilan (yesɛan) affal mgal-is maca zemren ad tesneṭṭen i wid-ak nniden

Tasenvirust[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Tugna s umikruskup tesskanay-d avirus nSARS-CoV-2.

Coronavirus 2 n temsedfert tamesguneft tanamsadt tamekruzt (SARS-CoV-2) d Kuṛunavirus yeqqnen ar temsedfart tamesguneft tukrizt tanamsadt Tamaynut, Ttwasinfen (ttwaɛezlen) 3 n yimdanen i tikkelt tamezwarut tuɣiten buturin yeqqnen ar tegrawt n tegnatin n waṭṭanen imesgunfanen inamsaden deg Wuhan, dɣa avirus-a iga d asrag (d ssebba) n waṭṭan n Covid-19.[26]. SARS-CoV-2 d win yeqqnen s waṭas ar ulsaru aẓaṛan n SARS-CoV. Yettuɣil d aṭṭan aɣersaw n usagma, Tislad titerrawin (Genetic analysis) asileɣ n Kuṛunavirus i tegrawin yakk d twacult n Betacoronavirus deg tedfert B i wadu-tewsit n Kuṛunavirus yeqqnen ar timsedfert tamesguneft tukrizt tanamsadt yakk d snat n tdefrin id yekkan seg uzeɣnennay, dɣa iga d arawsan s 96% deg uswir n ujinum ummid yakk d tirawin seg Kuṛunavirus n izeɣnennayen (BatCov RaTG13), deg wayyur n fuṛaṛ 2020, kra n iminigen n Ccinwa ufan-d yiwen n umgarad deg uzeffar aminay deg ulkem n ugraw ajinum gar n ivirusen id yettwasnirmen ɣer telmest n izeɣnennayen i tetten iweṭfen d uvirus yellan ar imuṭan (imdanen), Annect-a d ayen iy zemren ad immel d akken azeɣnennay iy tetten iweṭfen i d amesnubget. [27][28][29]


Asefruret[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Tagertilt tesskanay-d timdinin n Ccinwa anda tenfufed deg-sent tignatin timezwura n urwas n Covid-19 di yennayer 2020

Deg wass n 31 dujamber 2019 tamurt n Ccinwa telɣet tuddsa tamadlant n tdawsa ɣef usefruret n wazzug n turin ur yettwassen ara, yettwasnirem di temdint n Wuhan[30] igan d tamdint tameqrant tis 7 di Ccinwa s wazal n 11 n imelyan n imezdaɣ. Seg wass n 23 yennayer yettwasengel ɣef tilin n ugar n 800 n yigimen[31] seg tegnatin n yigim s uvirus n 2019 nCoV deg weswir amadlan, gar-asen igimen deg 20 n tamiwin d kra n tmura d iɣiren, Amaṭun amezwar i yettwasleɣt fell-as banen-d fellas iskanen deg wass n 8 dujamber,[32]. Sin akin iban-d d akken-it d bab n yiwet n tzaɣa (tḥanut) deg ulzuz n Wuhan South China i yiselman, ayen yeǧǧan ad medlen alzuz-nni ass n 1 yennayer.[33] Tettwakez-d telmest n uvirus yellan d asrag (d ssebba) g usefruret waṭṭan-a s tazzla d akken-it d Kuṛunavirus amaynu.[34] di 10 yennayer. Seld n tukza n ulkem n ijinumen yettwafk-d yisem n 2019-nCoV igan d BetaKorunavirus, yeqqen ar uvirus n tamsedfart tamesguneft n usamer alemmas (MERS-CoV) d uvirus n tamsedfart n wazzug anamsad n turin (SARSCoV). Dɣa isig n tmekkist d uɣanib n wenṭaṭ n 2019-nCoV d win Ur nettwassen ara s talɣa tummidt, Maca yezmer ad yili yemgarad ɣef ivirusen n Kuṛuna n iden.[33]

Mya d Wuhan i d ammas agejdan n umesni agenwan di tlemmast n Ccinwa, ttwaddmen waṭas n yisɣalen d yiskat deg uswir amadlan i wsefses n unfufed n waṭṭan deg umadal. Deg wass n 1 yennayer bdant temhalin n usekyed n teẓɣelt di Hong Kong d Makaw i yiminigen id yusan seg Wuhan. Ma deg wass n 3 yennayer, Taywan d Singapur bdant asekyed n iminigen id yuɣalen seg Wuhan. Deg Iwunak Yeddukklen n Temrikt, ammas n tesɣilt ɣef waṭṭanen (CDC) yebda yeskayad iminigen id yusan seg Wuhan ar 3 n isugan igejdanen n unekcum deg wass n 17 yennayer,[35], sin akin yettwarna unafag n Chicago d unafag n Atalanta, deg ass n 23 yennayer CDC n Marikan tegra-d tiɣri i wakken iɣeṛmanen-is ur teddun ara ar Wuhan ar iswiren ifellayen, dɣa timura n iden am Lhend d Sri Lanka d Binegladish ddmen-t iserrifen-a

Tuwwṭa n uvirus ɣer Yapan[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Deg wass n 16 yennayer, Aɣlif n tdawsa d umahil d ulameɣn Yapan yelɣet-d tuddsa tamadlant n tdawsa ɣef tilin n tegnit yettwasentmen n 2019-nCoV ar yiwen n wemdan id yuɣalen seg Wuhan. Dɣa tagnit-nni tella d tis snat n nCoV-2019 id yettwasentmen s azɣar (beṛṛa) n Ccinwa seld mi id snarmen tagnit tamezwart di Taylanda deg ass n 13 yennayer.[36], Amaṭun-nni yella d awtem ila deg waddar (yesɛa di leɛmeṛ) gar n 30 ar 39 n iseggasen yettidir di Yapan, dɣa yerza ar Wuhan deg taggara n wayyur n dujamber deg wass n 3 yennayer 2020 tuɣit tawla ass mi yella di Wuhan d acu kan ur yeddi ara ar welzuz n Wuhan neɣ kra n welzuz nniden maca yenna-d d akken yella s unermis d yiwen n wemdan yuɣ-it buturin.

Deg ass n 6 yennayer yuɣal-d si Ccinwa ar Yapan sin akin yedda ar tesdusit (taklinikt) i wakken ad yeskayed ɣef tussit maca agemmud yusa-d d ibaw. Deg ass n 10 yennayer dɣa yella-d mazal tuɣit tusut d tawla d wazzug n ugerjum yuɣal ar usgunef anda id s-ttwaxdamen-t tugniwin s uzenzar n X id yesseknen uguren ilqayanen ayen yeǧǧan ad yekcem s asgunfu (sbiṭar) deg wass-nni yakan. yeqqim s tawla alammi d ass n 14 yennayer. Anda id yelɣet umessuji id t-yessujayen tagnit-is ɣer yiwet n tuddsa n tdawsa tadigant s ddaw n unagraw n wannay. U tessegrew tilam zges tuzen-iten-t ɣer usudu aɣelnaw n waṭṭanen imanṭaṭen (NIID), dinna yemmug ukayad n tsedmirt tanmezrit n Polimiraz i wseskel amuli snat n tikkal w yettwasentem usigem-is s uvirus n 2019-nCoV RNA deg ass n 15 yennayer 2020 d acu kan yeffeɣ-d seg usganfu ar wexxam deg wass-nni.[37]

Imsekniyen n yigem[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Seg wass n 2 yennayer 2020 yettwasentem yigim n 44 n imuṭan iy kecmen ar usganfu n Wuhan s uvirus n Covid-19, Amur ameqran deg-sen d irgazen (30 seg 41 neɣ 73%), gar-asen 13 (32%) lan (sɛan) aṭṭan yezgan am waṭṭan n sskur (8 '20%') ma d isig n waddar (ammas n leɛmeṛ) yella 49 iseggasen. Dɣa 27 deg-sen (66%) llan deg ulzuz n imeččiyen iwlalen gar-asen tawacult s timmad-is. iskanen yezdin ass mi id iban waṭṭan llan d tawla ɣer 40 n imuṭan, tusut ɣer 31 n imuṭan, Agaz amaẓwal d utmelli (ɛeyyu) ɣer 18 n imuṭan. Ma d iskanen irmezdiyen gan d afaris n ulɣuɣ ɣer 11 n imuṭan, amaẓla (leqriḥ n uqerru) ɣer 3 n imuṭan, tadist (aberriḍ) ar yiwen n umaṭn, ma d tineggift iban-d ar 22 n imuṭan (55%) dɣa taneggift yettbin-d seg ass amezwar n waṭṭan ar ass wis 8. Yerna imuṭan-nni yakk yeṭṭfiten buturin.[38]

Asennefru[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Tuddsa tamadlant n tdawsa tefser-d aṭas n ipṛutukulen n ukayad i wvirus n SARS-CoV-2 id yessisrigen aṭṭan n Covid-19. Akayad yessemras (yessexdam) tasedmirt tanmezrit n Polimiraz i wseskel amuli (rRT-PCR). Akayad-a yezmer ad ittusemres ɣef tilam n unagraw amesgunef neɣ idammen. Igemmuden zemren ad ttwifken deg kra n tesragin (sswayeɛ) neɣ kra n wussan.[39][40][41]

Amdan yettmagar amihi n yigem s Covid-19 ma yedda neɣ yerza ar kra n tama anda tessuget tikli d yinig s teɣzi n 40 n wussan yezrin neɣ ma yella yudes (yeqreb) ar wemdan yuɣit waṭṭan-a.[42]

Anfufed[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Inelfuyen imdafaren[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Taggaẓt[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Yessutur unabad n Hung Kung seg yimdanen ad aryen (ad seḥbibren) ɣef tazdeg igarrzen n yiman-nsen, akk d waray (d useḥbiber) ɣef tazdeg n yifasen-nsen. Akken id ileɣɣet (yettḥeddir) wid ara ad yinigen beṛṛa n teɣremt ur ṭṭasen ara iɣersiwen, akk ur tetten ara ikesman n tgemrawin akk ad ǧǧen ulzuzen igriyen neɣ ulzuzen n iyuzaṭ imidduren, Akken id tessuter deg yal yiwen ikukra yeṭṭef-it uvirus-a ad yels acemmal (tasegdelt) akked ad yessiwel i umsuji.

Deg Singapur, Tessutur Taɣlift n tdawsa seg yimdanen ad aryen (ad seḥbibren) ɣef yiswiren n tazdeg tadawsant, Amedya: Assired n yifasen seg wakud ɣer wayeḍ, ur ṭṭasen ara imi-nsen d yinzaren-nsen d wallen-nsen s yifasen-nsen, Yerna yessefk ɣef yimdanen ilan afray (yesɛan aḥulfu) d akken ur garrzen ara, ad aggegen (ad baɛden) seg yigmamen n twaculin-nsen, ad lsen icemmalen w ad rzun ar wemsuji

Tiski n isgunfa[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Deg wass n 29 yennayer, adabu n Ccinwa yeldi asganfu i wsuji n waṭṭan n Covid-19[43] seld n 5 n wussan seg mi id tṛeggem (id tewɛed) d akken ad tessali (ad tebnu) asganfu yettaddamen 1000 n wusawen deg 10 n wussan,[44]. Anda 500 n inmahalen (ixeddamen) d iwzayen kkan-d 48 n tesragin (sswayeɛ) i wsuddes (aheggi) n tmuski s imeẓla d tinfawin n trisiti d usnezwu d waman d internet. Ayen id yettaran aṭṭan n SARS 2003[45] ar ccfawat, anda id tessuli Pekin asganfu s tazzla-nni.[46]

Ideggan yenṭarren[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Turrit n tmura i yiɣeṛman-is[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

S tririt i teɣṛiwin n iɣeṛmawen iwerdanen (ibeṛṛaniyen) yettilin di Wuhan wid id yettcetkin seg tegdelt d usasnef id yettusefken (yettuḥettmen) fell-asen dinna, aṭas n tmura uznen-tt timesrifgin i wakken ad errent iɣeṛman-nsent, dɣa adabu n Ccinwa ideggi (iwufeq) ɣef wanect-a, ikessar-a d umuɣ n tmura i yuznen timesrifgin i wakken ad errent iɣeṛman-nsent:

Timura Afrun n tmesrifegt asuṭen n tmesrifegt Azmez n ussikel Tamawt
 Fṛansa Airbus A340

Airbus A380

 United States Boeing 400-747 N705CK 27/01/2020
 Japan Boeing 300-767 JA607A 28/01/2020
 South Korea Boeing 400-747 HL7461 30/01/2020
 United Kingdom Boeing 400-747 EC-KXN 31/01/2020
 India Boeing 400-747 VT-ESP 31/01/2020 Turrit n 324 n ihendiyen
 Urdun Boeing 8-787 JY-BAE 31/01/2020 Turrit n 71 n yimdanen (55 n Urdun d 16 n iserɣinen)[47]
 Indonesia Airbus A330 PK-LDY 01/02/2020
 Morocco Boeing 8-787 CN-RGT 01/02/2020 Turrit n 167 n Imeṛṛukiyen
 Algeria Airbus A330 7T-VJC 02/02/2020 Turrit n 48 n yimdanen (31 n Yizzayriyen d 10 Itunsiyen, 3 Ilibanen, 4 Imuritaniyen)[48][49]
 Saudi Arabia Airbus A330 EI-GCU 02/02/2020 Turrit n 10 n Iswudiyen
 Australia Boeing 400-747 VH-OEE 03/02/2020
 Uzbekistan Boeing 300-767 UK67008 04/02/2020
 Iran Airbus A310 EP-MNX 04/02/2020
 New Zealand Boeing 777 ZK-OKE 04/02/2020

Tamhazt n tdefrin[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Talɣa:Infobox genome

Alkem n Coronvirus Beta n Wuhan yesskanay-d tarwast (amcabi) yakk d Betacoronavirus yellan ɣer izuɣnennayen yettumeyyez deg ijinumen ɣef Kuṛunavirus niden am Kuṛunavirus yeqqnen ar temsedfart tamesguneft tamekruzt tanamsadt (SARS)[50] d tamsedfart tamesguneft n usamer alemmas (MERS).[51]. Am SARS iga d agmam deg twacult n Betacoronavirus tadfert B.[52], 5 n ijinumen seg Kuṛunavirus amaynu ttwasinfen (ttuɛzlen) ijinumen-a gan d: BetaCoV/Wuhan/IVDC-HB-01/2019, d BetaCoV/Wuhan/IVDC-HB-04/2020, d BetaCoV/Wuhan/IVDC-HB-05/2019, d BetaCoV/Wuhan/WIV04/2019, d BetaCoV/Wuhan/IPBCAMS-WH-01/2019 deg Ammas Acenway i wsenɣed d tesɣilt ɣef waṭṭanen d usganfu n Jinyintan.[51][53][54], Alkem n uzeffar aṛibuɣsan d win ilan (yesɛan) azal n 30,000 n Nukelyutid deg teɣzu-ynes.[51]

Akayad[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Deg wass n 15 yennayer, Tuddsa tamadlant n tdawsa tefser-d apṛutukul ɣef ikayaden iseknanen i Kuṛunavirus amaynu, yettwasnefli sɣur ugraw n imsenvirusen deg usganfu n Charité (Lalman).[55]

Agzay anarum[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Deg wakud yezrin, yelɣet-d yiwen n umasay n Marikan ɣef wecraṭ anarum i wvirus. Akken id yettwabeyyen seg imasayen n tdawsa tazayezt i wseɣḍel (atḥeqqeq) seg kra n tigezt (acraṭ) tanarumt war ccek yesri (yuḥwaj) aseggas neɣ aseggas d uzgen[56] Deg wass n 16 meɣres, yiwet n tewzayt isem-is Jennifer Haller tewwet-d tissegnit seg tigezt tanarumt deg wammas n tignatin n Seattle deg ugezdu n Washington.[57][58]

Ẓeṛ daɣen[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Imniren[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

  1. Talɣa:Asgayet s uɣmis akadim
  2. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  3. Talɣa:Asgeyyet s uɣmis akadim
  4. Talɣa:Asgeyyet s uɣmis akadim
  5. BBC Kuṛunavirus d tasakrart tamadlant. Archived 2020-03-11 at the Wayback Machine
  6. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  7. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  8. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  9. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  10. Talɣa:Asgayet s uɣmis akadim
  11. Talɣa:Asgayet s uɣmis akadim
  12. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  13. Empty citation (help)
  14. Talɣa:Asgeyyet s isali
  15. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus/afrensaw.
  16. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  17. Kampf, Günter; Todt, Daniel; Pfaender, Stephanie; Steinmann, Eike (6 fuṛaṛ 2020). "Persistence of coronaviruses on inanimate surfaces and its inactivation with biocidal agents". Journal of Hospital Infection. Elsevier. doi:10.1016/j.jhin.2020.01.022. PMID 32035997 Check |pmid= value (help). Retrieved 15 February 2020. Unknown parameter |akala n ufaylu= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |azmez n ufaylu= ignored (help); Check date values in: |date= (help) Talɣa:Free access
  18. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  19. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  20. . doi:10.1101/2020.02.10.20021675 – via medrxiv.org. Unknown parameter |akala n ufaylu= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aɣmis= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |azmez n ufaylu= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amezwar5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |akala= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |azmez= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aneggar3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aneggar2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aneggar1= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amezwar2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |tasniwin= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aneggar4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amezwar4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |azwel= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amezwar1= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aneggar5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amezwar3= ignored (help); Cite journal requires |journal= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  21. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  22. . doi:10.1038/d41586-020-00364-2. Unknown parameter |azmez= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |taɣmist= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aneggar= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |Akala n ufaylu= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |azmez n ufaylu= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amezwar= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |azwel= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |akala= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |tutlayt= ignored (help); Cite journal requires |journal= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  23. ECDC (14 February 2020). European Centre for Disease Prevention and Control. Outbreak of severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2): increased transmission beyond China − fourth update. ECDC (Risk Assessment): Stockholm; 2020. Archived 2020-02-15 at the Wayback Machine
  24. . doi:10.1101/2020.01.22.914952. Unknown parameter |aneggar 2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |akala n ufaylu= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |azmez= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aneggar= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amezwar= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |azwel= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aɣmis= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |azmez n ufaylu= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |tasniwin= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |azmez n tuwwṭa= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aneggar3= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |akala= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amezwar2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amezwar5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aneggar4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aneggar5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amezwar4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amezwar3= ignored (help); Cite journal requires |journal= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)CS1 maint: display-authors (link)
  25. Talɣa:Cite biorxiv
  26. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  27. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  28. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  29. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  30. 33,0 et 33,1 Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  31. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  32. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  33. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  34. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  35. . doi:10.1016/S0140-6736(20)30183-5. ISSN 0140-6736. PMID 31986264. Unknown parameter |tutlayt= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amezwar 5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amezwar5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amezwar= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |azwel= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |azmez n ufaylu= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aneggar2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aɣmis= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amaddad= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |akala= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |akala n ufaylu= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |azmez= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aneggar4= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |Uṭṭun= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aneggar5= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aneggar= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |amezwar2= ignored (help); Unknown parameter |aneggar3= ignored (help); Cite journal requires |journal= (help); Missing or empty |title= (help)
  36. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  37. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  38. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus Archived 2020-01-26 at the Wayback Machine
  39. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  40. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  41. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  42. Talɣa:Asgayet s uɣmis
  43. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  44. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  45. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  46. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  47. 51,0 51,1 et 51,2 Tuccḍa n temsisɣelt: Balise <ref> incorrecte : aucun texte n’a été fourni pour les références nommées :1
  48. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  49. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  50. NCBI: Wuhan seafood market pneumonia virus isolate Wuhan-Hu-1, complete genome Archived 2020-01-14 at the Wayback Machine
  51. Talɣa:Amnir n web/fsus
  52. Empty citation (help)
  53. Empty citation (help)
  54. Empty citation (help)