Talmest

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Talɣa:Nniḍen4

Talmest d tigget tadsalant n tsartut n imuddiren.

talmest (s tlatinit species, « tawsit » neɣ « lḥeṭṭa ») d taxon llsas n tanagrawant. Llant ugar n snat n tmerwin n tibuda n talmest deg tasekla tussnant[1] maca deg akkw tijṛa talmest d takti mačči d tilawt : tilawt tasnudrant tagmawit d tin n imezdaɣen, dɣa d imanayen ilsanen id ttaken ifranen, tilisa d abriɣer[2]. Tabadut yettwadagen ugar tiyaḍ nniḍen d tin n takti tasnudrant n talmest id yefka Ernst Mayr deg useggas 1942 : talmest d amezdaɣ neɣ tagrumma n imezdaɣen ayɣef iterrasen zemren s tidet neɣ "ahat" ad frurxen gar asen dɣa ad sɛun tarwa taydirt d tazulbut, deg lḥalat tigmawiyin. Aka, talmest d aferdis ugaren wiyaḍ nniḍen n umezdaɣ aydeg asuddem asnukksan yezmer ad yilli dɣa iterrasen n yiwet talmest uɛzilen s usnukksan ar tigrummiwin nniḍen tinmeɣrayin deg ṛṛay n ufrurex.

  1. Virginie Maris, Tafelsuft n tudertuggta : tuzzma tamecṭuḥt i ugama deg umihi, Buchet Chastel,‎ 2010, 224 p. (ISBN 978-2-283-02456-0)
  2. Philippe Lherminier d Michel Solignac, Seg talmest, Syllepse 2005, 694 pp., ISBN 9782849500767 d Ph. Lherminier, isɣed n talmest, Ellipses 2009, 239 pp., ISBN 9782729841904.