Iqbayliyen

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Ansa i d yekka wawal n "Leqbayel"[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Anamek n wawal-agi yekka-d ahat seg teɛṛabt d "(Agdud n) iderman". Rruman ssawalen-asen d Quinquegentanei "semmus (5) n Iderman" (wid izedɣen neɣ yettidiren Mons Ferratus, "Adrar n ğerğer"), wissen isem n tura ma yekka-d seg win n zik neɣ uhu.

Ur neksib ara aḥric ameqran n tansa ɣef umezruy n yisem-agi, maca (d acu kan) nezmer a nefk yiwet n turda yesɛan assaɣ s tawtilt n Tamurt n Iqbayliyen deg ukud-nni (tallit-nni) imi medden ddren seddaw n tezmert neɣ iduba (adabu) n tiddukla n iderman. Ass-agi llan kra imusnawen iqbayliyen i d-yuran dakken isem n yeqbayliyen aẓaran (anaṣli) d Igawawen neɣ Izwawen. Af tekti-yagi amusnaw n Tesmislit aqbayli Mass Salem Caker yuran-d dakken Iqbayliyen ttun isem-nsen anaṣli "Izwawen" i d-yekkan seg wassag n yiwet n Taddart yettwasnen aṭas deg Tmurt iqbayliyen zîk. S tutlayt Tafransist awal "Zouave" yekka-d seg Azwaw. Llan kra imusnawen n umezruy igrigiyen i d-yudren awal-ag Aqbayli neɣ iqbayliyen (leqbayel) s talɣa n Cabales. Acku ur nezmir ara ass-a ad d-nefk ttbut ma yella seg wawal-a i d-yekka neɣ uhu, imi ur nesɛi kra n ttbut .

Agdud Aqbayli[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Amezruy n wegdud aqbayli, d amezruy ameqran akk-d yewwin i g issewhamen, ɛeddan luluf n iseggasen, azal 10 000 iseggasen uqbel talalit n Sidna Ɛisa ; d imezdaɣ imezwura n Tefriqt ugafa uqbel n tlalit n umezruy atrar, agdud aqbayli d yiwen wegdud gar yegduden iqdimen i yeğğan later deg umezruy n yemdanen.

Agdud aqbayli yedder, yerna yexlef Irrumanen, yiwen amenkud i yestaɛmren ddunit irkul, yexlef Ifniqen, ladɣa Yugurten yemmut s tidet agdud-is yedder, yexlaf Maryus; tura arraw-is kren ţlaɛin i wid ur numin ara; adgud aqbayli atan dagi andaţ Rum ? Dihya temmut, s tidet, yessi-is krent tura ttnadin; anda-t Ɛuqba Ibn Nafiɛ? I wid mazal ur numin ara agdud aqbayli atan mazal dagi! Tidet amezruy n wegdud aqbayli yessewham acku d yiwen n umezruy yeţwebnan ɣef taɣert, tuccda, akk-d iseflan n imawlan-is.

Ussan agi Iqbayliyen ttidiren g wakud (lweqt) n la renaissance n-sen, sennig aɣebbar n wakud akk-d d leqhar n iɛdawen, tteddun ɣer zdat, aqlaɣ nettwali tallit n aɣlan (ljens), Aɣlan aqbayli.

Iqbayliyen g zik semman iman-sen Imaziɣen , Agdud Amaziɣ, win ur neqbil ara lbatel neɣ akerwa.

Amezruy Atrar[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Deg Amezruy Atrar, Iqbayliyen mači d inumidyen inumdiyen d icawiyen d icenwiyen lqbayel nutni des maures pas numides]], llan iɣerfan n yewen uwanek, yeddren azal n 100 n iseggasen (seg azal 206 UL* di lweqt n tageldit n Masnsen, agellid di facto n Numidya, armi lexsara n Yugurten g 104 UL) awanek agi yettusema Numidya.

Numidya tella azal n Dzayer akk-d Tamurt n Yiqbayliyen lwahid.

Numidya tbedd meyya iseggasen, llan wid qqaren dakken meyya n isegwassen d wacemma, maɛna timura n ddunit merra ur sɛant ara akter n 30 iseggassen di laɛmer-nsent, amek yezmer yewin ad inni belli Numidya d ulac i tella? Numidya i gɛacen akter n meyya n iseggasen, ugar n Dzayer akk-d timura n Tefriqt merra, akter n uhric ameqran n timura n Turuft Tagmuḍant, mi teɣli Numidya tsɛa azal n laɛmer n Kanada.

Amnekcam arumani[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Lestaɛmar arumani yenzeg akter n 525 isegassen, seg lexsara n Yugurtan zdat irumaniyen g 104 UL armi uɣelluy n inugura agi s iffassen n Geiseric Aɛiban (agellid n Ivandaliyen) akk-d inelmaden-is mi g kecmen ɣer Tafriqt ugafa g 429.

Imnekcamen Ivandalen[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Geiseric yebnad tageldit tamezwarut n Ivandaliyen g Tafriqt ugafa s Saldae (Bgayet) am tamaneɣt-is; yestaɛmered Sicillia, Sardenya, Kursika, akk-ed tegzirin n Baleares, yernad yekcem ɣef Rum yewid yides mi i gefeɣ, azal n yewen n ddurt g 455, atas n igerrujen akk-ed iseflawen n lğameɛ n Lquds (iseflawen i yefkan Udayen i lğameɛ-nsen) i d yewi Titus ɣef Roma melmi igstaɛmered Lquds.

Amnekcam Abyzanti[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Ivandaliyen ţwakssent di Tafriqt ugafa s iɛsekriyen n Justinianus I, agellid n umekad Abyzanti; amenkad n ivandaliyen ydum-d 105 isegassen (429-534).

Yiwen lamer yesɛan atas n wazal di lwegt-nni; ahric ameqran n imaziɣen rebhen telelli-nsen, mi yal aggay yetsnaɣ mgal wayid.

Amenkad Abyzanti ydumed g Tafriqt ugafa s 534 armi i gxser amgaru mgal Iɛraben wid bdan Ttrad n Lesteɛmar n Tefriqt g lqern wis tmanya (azal n 642 -705).

Amnekcam Aɛrab[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Iɛraben qetɛen lebher, staɛmren Maser g 642, kemlen alhu-nsen, zedmen ɣef tamurt n yimaziɣen, tamurt n leqbayel.

Listiɛmar Aɛrab, am lbers, di tamuggit ɣef Iqbayliyen i yella; imi Imaziɣen rebhen kkra n lehna, akk-d tallalit, seqsefen azaglu akk-d alehu n amenkud abyzanti ɣer usamer n tilisa-nsen.

Iqbayliyen nnuɣen-d mgal Iɛraben s wayen akk yellan, s tezmart, s tdusi (lğehd), s tudert-nsen, imi ţwallan simmal iţeddu aɛdaw simmal yexreb, yenɣa, yehreq, yeqher ayen yellan d amaziɣ, ayen yesɛan rruh n umaziɣ. Mbeɛd akter n sebɛa meyya n isegassen n tagrawla, Imaziɣen ɛyan, cban izem nni ur sɛin ara azuren merra imi tazzla n idammen-is texla ayen yeqimen di lğehd-is, ayen yeqimmen di tmanegt-is, ur yezmir ad yeker; izem aqbayli yeɣli-d ur yekkir ara, Iɛraben hesben d lmut i g yemut.

Mbeɛd amerni aqher; ilulufen n imaziɣen, tilawen xesrent lherma-nsent akk-d asehru-nsent, ilulufen n warrac n Iqbayliyen imelsiyen ufan lmut si ifassen n iɛsekriyen Iɛraben, ilulufen nnidden zzenzen-ten aklan g leswaq n Mekka.

Imi tfuk Taslekt ni Iɛraben, Tafriqt ugafa tuɣaled d amɣiz ni iklan ɣef leswaq n Wegmuḍ Alemmas.

Iqbayliyen am akken ad menɛen tudert n tarwa-nesn, akk-d ayen i geqimen di lherma n tilawen-nsen qeblen, ijenwiyen g ullawen nsen, ddin amaynut n iɛraben; iɛraben wwden anda yewin n lğens ur yewwi-d, zzuɣren telelli n yimaziɣen.

Syenna d asawen, tutlayt n yimaziɣen akk-d ismawen-nsen uɣallen d lehram.

G 705 anbaz Aɛrab i-bereh belli tamurt n yiqbayliyen d yiwet n tamnatt tamenzut n umnkad aɛrab ara tilli; Tafriqt ugafa tɛeda g yiwen n ukala ig bedlen idles-is, tamuɣli-is, akk-d imal-is.

Amnekcam Aɛrab yeqqim armi yetwabdal s lestiɛmar n Iɛetmaniyen seddaw n timelwi n Xayreddin d ayetma-s Ɛeruj, i d-xelqen atrar ussamer n Dzayer, bdan asseɣwel n tama agi am asutel n iflisen n ddunit merra. Taflist-nsen ternu, temɣid ɣef lqrun 1600; taflist mgal lbaburat n Iwunak Yedduklen g Ilel agrakal sebba n Ttrad n Taflist Tamezwarut, akk-d Ttrad n Taflist Tis Snat, anda mutten atas n imddanen imelsiyen.

Amnekcam arumi (Fransa)[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Deg 1830, s sebba belli Lbay n Dzayer yewwet amalway n tamahelt-is, Fransa tenbez Dzayer; lameɛna, azbu i g qquren n Yiqbayliyen, Amɣar Ameqran (El-Mokrani) akk-d Faḍma n Sumer, stɛetlen taslekt agi almi Agud aqbayli yeţwaxdɛen s ageldun n Yiɛraben yettuseman Ɛebedlqader imi d-yefka takbabt-is ɣef Wemtawa n Tefna wahid Fransa.


Amtawa n Tafna, 30 mayyu 1837, yeswejd abrid ɣef wanger n Tamurt n Yiqbayliyen ihi kan teqled agezdir n Fransa. Fransa, isegassen kkra mbeɛd, tefka-d Aguldun Ɛebdelqader amidag n la Légion d'honneur akk-d tajɛelt n 4000 Louis (idrimen n Fransa) mkul aggur armi yemut g 26 mayyu 1883.

Wagi d adris n Amtawa n Tafna: [1]

Melmi amgaru mgal tamurt n Iqbayliyen ifuk, Fransa tezdem ɣef leğwahi nidden n Tafriqt ugafa terna texleq Ldzayer n tura; Tamurt n Yiqbayliyen, Timura n uguldun ɛabd Qader, akk-d d Uneẓruf Ameqran (timura n Twareg/Imuhaɣ).


G 1954, Igen n Taslullit Taɣelnawt (ALN) tebda ţţrad n taslullit; mbaɛd n sebɛa isegassen n imenɣi, Fransa teğğa Dzayer g 19962. Aḥric ameqran n 1,025,000 Iḍaren Iberkanen akk-d 91,000 iḥerkiyyen, azal n 10% n imezdaɣ n Ledzayer g 1962, rewlen ɣef Fransa g useggwas-nni.


  • Uqbel n Lmasih = Uqbel n Lweqt-nneɣ
Iqbayliyen
Total
Total by country
Kabylia vlag.jpg Tamurt n Leqbayel 6,500,000
Flag of Algeria.svg Dzayer 2,500,000
Flag of France.svg Fransa 1,500,000
Flag of Germany.svg Lalman 40,000
Flag of Belgium.svg Biljik 50,000
Flag of Spain.svg Lispan 40,000
Flag of Canada.svg Kanada 40,000
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg Lingliz 30,000
Flag of the United States.svg Tamrik 10,000
tutlayt
Taqbaylit
ddin