Mekka

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Macca

Mekka d tamdint ay d-yezgan deg utaram (lɣerb) n Tgelda Tasaɛudit. Zedɣen-tt 1.700.000 n yimezdaɣen. Deg Mekka ay d-tezga Lkeɛba, amkan wuɣur d-ttasen Yinselmen akken ad ḥijjen, yerna d nettat ay d tamdint timqeddest akk deg Lislam. Deg temdint-a ay ilul umazun (nnbi) Muḥemmed (taẓallit ed sslam n Ṛebbi fell-as), deg lqern wis 6 sdeffir Sidna Ɛisa, yerna deg-s ay yebda izerreɛ Islam.

Mekka lmukarrama tga tiɣrmt iqdsn ɣur imuslmn، dis timzgida n lḥaram، d lkɛba nna ygan lqblt imuslmn g tẓallit nnsn . tzga g lɣrb n tgldit taɛrabt tasaɛudit، tbɛd xf tamdint lmunwara nig 4000 kilumitr g amnid ljanub aɣrbi، d ɣf tɣrmt ṭṭayf nig n 1200 kilumiṭr dg amnid acrqi، d ɣaf lbɛd n 72 kilumiṭr sg tiɣrmt n jada d aftas n yill azgg°aɣ، nna yaẓn asagn n jadda amuslm، inafagn tagraɣlant as yaẓn igat anafag n agllid ɛbd lɛziz agraɣlan. tzga makka lmukarrama ɣur bbin tiskfal turrut 25/21 agafa، d tiɣzi 49/39 agmmuḍ، iga wansa agi yiwn sg takwinat ycqqan tajyulujit، aṭṭas iẓṛan ijṛanitiyn bzzaf iqqurn.

Tiwḍ tiɣzi n tɣrmt n makka lmukrrama nig 850 km²، dis 88 km²² nnan dis aṭṭas imzdaɣ، tiwḍ tɣzi n tamnaḍt tanammast nna yllan tama n tmzgida lḥaram nig 6 km²، yiwḍ uɣlluy n makka xf uswir uzur n yill nig 277 mitr.