Tagnit (amtíweg)

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Tagnit neɣ lqaɛa (Azamul-is: Azamul asnallan n tegnit) d amtiweg wis 3 deg wuggug ɣef tafukt(iṭij) deg unagraw anafuk (seld n uziweɣ d tetrit akken i tga seg yimtiwgen inamuren meqqren yakk d amtiweg ameqqran wis 5 deg unagraw anafuk[1] seg wekdu-ines d takura-ines d tneẓẓi-ines, akken i yettwassen umtiweg-a s Wakal yakk d Umaḍal.

Tagnit d tamezduɣt i waṭas n telmas n imuddiren am wemdan d iɣersiwen anda i tga d adeg amyiwen deg usedday yettwassnen s tilin n tudert deg-s, tennulfa-d send(uqbel) n 4,54 n imelyaṛen n iseggasen,[2][3]Maca tudert deg tegnit tban-d deg umelyaṛ n iseggasen-a ineggura. Seg yimar-mni, tignudert tegla-d s ubeddel deg tignut tinegnit d tfadiwin deg-s, ayen yeǧǧan imuddiren yettidiren s weksijin ad nnernin w ad temmag tissi n wuẓun ixeddmen yakk d yiger adekran n tegnit i twaffra n izenzaren ibumzelgen (yeṭṭurrayen)

Tiskanin tisengamin n tegnit d tmezzit tasengamt timezgit deg wanda i tetezzi ɣef tfukt ǧǧant tudert ad tenfufed w ad tesmed (ad tkemmel) deg-s alammi d ass-a, Akken i ttɣilen imusnawen d akken ad ternu ad tesmed i 1,2 n imelyaṛen n iseggasen niden. Sin akin tafat n tfukt yettnernin ad tečč w ad tfakk tignudert-is acku taẓɣelt n tfukt ad tali deg yimal w ad ternu ad timɣuṛ alamma tuɣal d acafcal azeggaɣ w ad yiweṭ wekdu-ines alamma d tmezzit n tegnit
Ttidiren ugar n 7,7 n imelyaṛen n yimdanen deg tegnit[4] Tiɣbula n tegnit yemgaraden xeddment i wakken ad ǧǧen tilin n teɣreft meqqren n yimdanen ibeṭṭun amadal gugar-asen, imdanen-a ẓẓunin (ferqen) ɣef 200 n tmura timzirgin. Akken ig snefli wemdan aṭas n tmettiyin d tɣermawin d yedlisen yemgaraden

Asileɣ n tegnit d tsuddest-is[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Tagnit tettumeggez d amtiweg anamur, ayen yennumken d akken tga d tafekka n weẓru, mači d acafcal n ugaz meqqren am Yebter. Akken i tettumeggez daɣen d amtiweg meqqren yakk deg tegrawt n yimtiwgen inamuren yellan deg wudus anafuk ama deg tkura neɣ deg ubleɣ. S tmerniwt ɣer wannect-a yakk, Tagnit yemgarad ɣef yimtiwgen inamuren niden deg teflel n weswir n tneẓẓi yakk d teldayt deg tjumma-ines yakk d yiger adekran ussis yakk d tuzzya tarurdant.[5] war tutut d akken tagnit tga d amtiweg amyiwen deg wanda illant tiflin titktuniyin turmidin

Talɣa n tegnit[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Talɣa n tegnit d tin yudsen nezzeh ɣer telɣa takernebnayt timlebbeṭ, acku tga d tafekka timlebbeṭ deg snat n tzeglin n ugafa d unẓul yerna d amezderdam deg usebges.[6] Azderdem-a igellu-d s tuzzya n tegnit akken i d-yettilin d asrag (ssebba) d akken akdu n tegnit deg usebges yugar akdu-ines deg tzeglin s wazal n 43 km.[7] akken i d-ittili isig n wekdu n tfekka tamezzayt amniran s wazal n 12,742 km, ayen yegdan 40,000 km/TT amda yiwen n umiter yella yegda 1/10.000.000 seg umaccaq i d-izgan seg usebges alamma d tizgelt n ugafa s tukkit seg temdint n Paris.[8]

Aserwes gar n ubleɣ n imtiwgen igensayen (seg tama tazelmaṭ ɣer tayeffust): Aziweɣ, Tatrit, Tagnit, Mezweɣ.

Yessefk ad yettwabdar d akken asgertel adigan yemgarad ɣef talɣa ayi timezzit taneblalt, ɣas akken imgaraden-a d wid fsusen deg tɣult takemdalit, anda isig n ucali n tegnit ɣur-s amur seg 584, neɣ 0.17% n tfekka tamezzayt tamnirant, dɣa tga d afimidi yellan s ddaw n 0,22% seg ufimidi n ucali yettilin gar n tuzziwin n ubilyardu.[9] Isigen imeqranen idiganen n ucali d wenfal deg tjumma taneẓrut n tegnit ttwagensen deg wudrar n Everest yeflalen s wazal n 8,848 m sufel n tjumma n yilel yakk deg weɣzu n Mariana yudren s wazal n 10,911 m s ddaw n tjumma n yilel. Yirna s usrag n uzderdem n tiṭṭ n tfukt deg usebges, Adrar n Chimborazo yellan di tmurt n Ecuador yettumeggez d azag yaggugen yakk ɣef wammas n tegnit.

Tafekwit n Clarke i yuksiden i d-ssegbaren tiferkit tinegnit
Uddis Taftart Tasuddest
Silika SiO2 59.71 %
Alumin Al2O3 15.41 %
Alus CaO 4.90 %
Magnisium MgO 4.36 %
Uksid n sudium Na2O 3.55 %
Uksid wuzzal II FeO 3.52 %
Uksid n uputasium K2O 2.80 %
Uksid wuzzal III Fe2O3 2.63 %
Aman H2O 1.52 %
Asinuksid n utitanium TiO2 0.60 %
Asmuksid n ufusfuṛ P2O5 0.22 %
Uɣrid 99.22 %

Asileɣ akruran n tegnit[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Takura n tegnit tuzen azal n 5.98 kg, amur ameqran deg-s igber wuzzal (32.1%) d weksijin (30,1%) d Silikun (15,1%) d umegnisium (13,9%) d ukebri (2,9%) d unikel (1,8%) d ukalsium (1,5%) d walimenium (1,4%). Ma d ayen i d-igran (1,2%) gan d tismektiwen drusen seg yiferdisen niden. Deg wakud anda iferdisen iẓayanen ttwaleddyen (ttwajbaden) ɣer wammas, iferdisen ifsusen ttagugen ɣef wammas.
Kra n imusnawen ttɣilen d akken uzzal iga d asger agejdan i uzadur n tegnit, anda afimidi-ines yettawaṭ ɣer 88,8% yakk d kra n tesmektiwin n unikel (5,8%) yakk d ukebri (4,5%) d ddaw n 1% n iferdisen niden.

Amusnaw n tekrura Frank Wigglesworth Clark yessegza-d d akken ugar n 47% n tiferkit tinegnit tegber seg weksijin. Ma d isegra ineẓruyen s wacu i tegber tferkit yakk igan d imezdiyen s tuget ttumeggzen d uksiden, ma yella d akluṛ, d afluṛ yekk d ukebri ttumeggzen d iferdisen ixataren, Dɣa tasmekta tuɣridt deg-s deg yal azṛu tesgensis-d ddaw n 1% s waṭas. Anecta yedda deg-s uksiden igejdanen ɣef usiliku d waluminya d uksiden n wuzzal d walus d umagnisium d uputasium d suda

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