Izem

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Izem
Lion waiting in Namibia.jpg
Addad n taggaẓt

Talmest ur tettwageẓ (IUCN 3.1)
Tasensartut
TageldaAnimalia
AstirfChordata
AsmilMammalia
TafesnaCarnivora
TawacultFelidae
TawsitPanthera
talmest Panthera leo
Linnaeus, 1758
Taẓuni tarakalt
Lion distribution.png
Isali amatan
Tadist 108 ass
Takura 1,65 kg, 188 kg akked 126 kg
Afud n wazuk n weɣẓaẓ 112

Izem (Assaɣ ussnan: Panthera leo) d aɣersiw amseksum n twacult n tserɣuda yeṭṭafaren Tawsit n iɣilasen, Izmawen ttidiren ass-a deg Tefriqt n unẓul n taneẓruft akken i mazal degsen taɣreft meẓẓiyen deg [Asya]] tettwaggez s umihi n ungar, ziktallit n uzarmezruy llan ttidiren ula deg Turuft, aɣeṛsiw-agi yenger deg tmiḍi tis snat send n tlallit imi aṭas i yettazzalen deffir-s akken ad t-gemren i wakken ad kksen alemsir-is neɣ ad tesxedmen i tujjya neɣ i wsedhu kan

Addad d uẓayer n yizem[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Izem yettusismel d akken-it d talmest yettwaggzen umihi n ungar s tseddaṛt taddayt anda afimidi n tdersi-ynes tuli deg snat n temrawin yezrin seg 30% ar 50% yerna asirem n tudert n tɣrfin yeffɣen i yfergan iɣelnawen isliw (yeḍɛef)
Zik nni, Izem deg Tefriqt yella yettidir deg yal tama, deg yal tamurt ula di tneẓruft yakk d idurar am idurar n waṭlas. Maca ass-a grant-d kra kan n tɣerfin yessufin (yettwaɛezlen) aladɣa deg tmura n usamar n Tefrikt

ɣas ma yella izmawen ttbanen-d yakk ttemcabin deg weglam (ṣṣifa) maca llant waṭas n tdulemsin yemgaraden s imik gar yiwet d tayeṭ deg weglam d teɣdi d yini akk d tiddi. Gar tdulmas n yizmawen yellan yettidir deg Tefriqt yella yizemamaziɣ iy negren deg uzaɣar. D netta i d izem ameqqran akk yettwassnen Izem n Katanga]] (Panthera leo melanochaita) d izem-nni ay yettidiren deg tsabant (savane) n Kenya d Tanzanya, deg Tefriqt tacerqit. Izem-agi meqqer ciṭṭ, yettidir deg uzaɣar anda ay yettṣeggid izgaren d yiɣersiwen niḍen.

Deg Asya mazal izem la yettidir deg tmurt n Lhend, deg yiwet n tama qqaren-as Gir. Tadulmest-agi qqaren-as izem n Asya (Panthera leo persica) izem-a tettwaggez s waṭas s umihi n ungar acku gran-d xges anagar n 200 n yizmawen. Deg Tuṛuft, izem yenger azal n 20 tasutin ay-a, maca deg tasut-agi meṛṛa, medden akk la ttmeslayen fell-as, u mazal aɣersiw-agi yella deg tsugint-nsen.

Asismel d temhazt n yizem[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Timesɣezt tamzikt yakk i wɣersiw yecban izem ufant-id imusnawen deg yiwet n temnadt deg tmurt n Tanzanya addar-is yettuɣal ar 3,5 n imelyan n iseggasen, Kra n imusnawen nnan-d d akken timesɣezt-a tettuɣal i yizem amiran n tidet u mači n umiru-ynes maca timesɣezt nni ur tettwaggeẓ (ur tettwaḥraz ara) akken iwata, Dɣa deg waddad-a imusnawen zemren ad ini-n d akken timesɣezt-a tettuɣal i yiwen n userɣud dgi id yekka yizem (d aẓaṛ amezday). Ma d timetɣezt tamzikt tanaftart yettuɣalen ar yizem n tidet deg Tefrikt yettuɣal waddar-is ar yiwen n umelyun n iseggasen
Tiserɣuda id yettilin neɣ yudsen yakk ar yizem d tilmas nni yeṭṭafaren tawsit n uɣilas am weksil d uyagwar d uɣilas, Dɣa tizrawin tiǧiniyin d timssilɣanin beyynen-t-d d akken Aksel illa d aserɣud amezwaru id yennebra-n seg uẓar-a amezday send n 1,9 n imelyan n iseggasen s akin yennebda-d uizem d uɣilas send n 1,25 n imelyan n iseggasen

Tidefrin[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Llan imusnawen ssismilen azal n 12 n tdefrin timiranin n yizem, Tameqrant yakk deg-sent d izem amaziɣ i yellan yettidir deg Tefrikt n ugafa, Imgaraden s wacu i semgirriden yisent tidefrin-a d idgan n tudert, Talɣa n ucebcub (azag), ableɣ d tneẓẓi n unfufed. Maca tefrer n usemgirred n tdefrin s tarrayt-a id yessekren amdan ameqran deg-sent yirna tesseker-d ula d Imgaraden gar ismawen n yiwet n tedfert d ayen yessekren aɣnan deg tluft-a, imusnawen ass-a ukzen-d (steɛṛfen-d) s 8 n tdefrin kan, maca yiwen deg-sen (Panthera leo melanochaita) yezmer ad yili yettusismel d agul (leɣlaḍ) d akken-it d tadfert tilellit, yirna ula d 7 nni n iden zemren-t ad ilin-t ttusisemlen-t s tuccda

Tidefrin timiranin

  • Tadfert tamaziɣt: Tadfert-a tenger deg uzaɣar (lexla) s usrag (ɣef ssebba) n wegmar maca ahat mazal llan kra n yizmawen yellan deg ukraf, Dɣa tadfert-a tella d nettat yakk i d tadfert tameqrant anda azuk-is yella yudes s waṭas ar wazuk n weksil

Aglam[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Izem deg yidles Aqbayli[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Deg tmurt n Iqbayliyen, izem mazal yettwassen yisem-is yernu yettwabdar-d ama deg yinzan deg tmucuha, iga d aɣersiw ilan (yesɛan) azal meqqren ɣer Iqbayliyen imi izem d azamul n tezmert akk d tebɣest (lkuṛaj).

Tamselyut[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

  • Omar Amastan Mouffok, imedyazen.