Si Muḥend u Mḥend

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Si Muḥend u Mḥend
SiMohand.jpg
Tugna n Si Mohand. akken i d yura Abdesselam 2005, amedyaz d bu tamart ina tamellalt ibedden deg tama tazelmaḍt yeṭṭef deg fus is taculliṭ taberkant i deg yettara asebsi ines.
Tameddurt
Talalit Icheraiouen Suqel, 1848
Taɣlent Lezzayer
Timekkest Aṣqif n Ṭmana, Dujamber 28, 1905
Tiɣri
Tutlayin Taɛrabt
Amahil
Amahil amedyaz akked afelsuf

Si Mhend u Mhend At Ḥammaduc, d amedyaz aqbayli ilulen deg seggas n 1845 (agim d tamt twinas d ukkuzt tmerwin d semmus) deg taddart n Icherɛiwen. Yemmut deg seggas n 1906 (agim d tzat twinas d seddis). I wakken ad yerwel f ttar, baba s i wumi qqaren Mḥend Amezyan U Ḥamaduc, yeffeɣ taddert ugemmun iger ad izdeɣ deg cerɛiwen . Deg 1857, iɛsekkriyen irumyen sserɣen taddert n Icerɛiwen, rran deg mkan-is taddert i yiman nsen semman as "Fort Napoléon" (tin i wumi nessawal tura Laṛebɛa n At Yiraten).

Imawlan n Si Muḥend u Mḥend gren ar Sidi Xlifa, deg tama n Weqbu. Ɛemmi s i wumi qqaren Cix Arezqi U Ḥamaduc, yellan d amusnaw n tneslemt, isbed yiwet n tmɛemmert (Zawiya), i deg yesselmad Leqran.


Si Muḥend-U-Mhand n At Hmadouch (Icarriḍen, (At Yiraten) lawhi 1845 - Aṣqif n Ṭmana (Micli) 28 December 1905) illa d yiwen umedyaz aqbayli ameqqran. Ilul deg yiwet n twacult (tafamilt) d tamerkantit u yernu yeɣra di Zzawiya ddin d teqbaylit, daymi i yas rnan "SI" i yisem-is akken teggen deg ukud (lwaqt)-nni i yed ilemden di zzawiyat. Sakkin (ssin akkin) tudart umedyaz-a d tin i yettwawten mačči d kra imi di ṭrad-nni 1871 mgal temhersa Tafransist (Arumi) iḥulfa-yas nezzeh i unekcum irumyen ar tmurt iqbayliyen i tikkelt tamenzut (1857), imi ssawḍen irupiyen (fransa) ad erren Tamurt n leqbayel dda uḍar-nsen deg useggas n 1871 (mbeɛd tanekkra n Meqrani d Faḍma At Summer, i yella daɣ d tayiratt ula d nettat). Dɣa tawacult n Si Mhand aṭas i s "iruḥen" ssin akkin, ama d akal, d tadrimt, d ulli, d wayen nniḍen. Acku Si Muh iwala akk aḍegga-yagi n trika u yernu iwala ayen ahat ur walan ara waṭas n iqbayliyen deg wukud-nni, riɣ ad semmiɣ tamhersa tadelsant (culturel domination/colonisation), imi arumi mbeɛd mi yuɣ Tamurt n leqbayel, yekkmassa yetthuddu deg Tmetti (society) Tagawawt, u yettbeddil deg yismawen n temnaḍin n tmurt, si teqbaylit (tamaziɣt n ǧerǧer, fransa aṭas n yismawen i tarra s tefransist (amdy: larebɛa n At Yiraten yuɣal d "Fort National". Ssin ɣer-es fRansa tbeddel ula d ismawen n temnaḍin n Tmurt idurar s yismawen n tmesslayt taɛrabt (amdy: iɣil "yettwsuɣal" d Draɛ ma yella d At (those of) rrant d "Ben" neɣ Beni: At Wasif, At Mendas, At Yanni, At Dwala, At Mlikec, At Saɛda, At Budrar, At Sedqa, At Jennad, At ɛisi, At Beḍrun, At ttirwal, At Tudert (wa-gi ǧǧant akken cwi am At Mangellat d kra drus nniḍen) ttwasuɣalen akk d "At Beni"! Dɣa bab-as zerfen-as (ḥkemen-as) s tmettant (lmut), gma-s n bab-as (ɛammi-s) nnfant ar Kalidunya tamaynut (New Caledonia)ukk diɣ kra lan (sɛan) imawlan-is tekkes-asent Fransa. Yemma-s d wayetma-s unagen ar Tmurt n Tunes, ma d netta yeggul ar d yeqqim di Tmurt n iqbayliyen d ledzayer, u ad yexdem ayen yufa d tawuri (ixeddim) i wakken ad yawi lqut ammar lmut, akken kan a yidir ammar tamettant. Yexdem su jurni (s wass) laked (akk) iga kra n twura ur s d nettawi yara aṭas n teɣraḍ (salary).

Tamawt : Yiwen nniḍen ahat izmer ad kemmel tasuqqilt-agi acku nekk azekka d axeddam, ad ruḥeɣ ad ṭseɣ, aql-i htutreɣ; iḍ ameggaz. 

He never settled anywhere, but wandered all life long in Algiers or in other Algerian towns and villages inside and around Kabylie. Few deeds of his life are sure. The tradition remembers a visit he paid to the pious Cheikh Mohand ou-Lhocine, with whom he sustained an epic poetic dueling (which is recorded up to now), as well as a journey on foot to Tunis, where he met his brothers but was badly welcomed. He died of tubercholosis at 57 in S.te-Eugénie hospital at Michelet.

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