Isaac Newton

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Isaac Newton
GodfreyKneller-IsaacNewton-1689.jpg
Isaac Newton di 1689
12. president of the Royal Society Suqel

1703 - 1727
John Somers, 1st Baron Somers Suqel - Hans Sloane Suqel
Member of Parliament in the Parliament of England Suqel

Dujamber 1701 - 1702
District: Cambridge University Suqel
Master of the Mint Suqel

Yennayer 1700 - 31 Meɣres 1727
Warden of the Mint Suqel

1696 - Yennayer 1700
Member of Parliament in the Parliament of England Suqel

1689 - 1690
District: Cambridge University Suqel
Tameddurt
Talalit Woolsthorpe Manor Suqel akked Woolsthorpe-by-Colsterworth Suqel, 25 Dujamber 1642 (Julian)
Taɣlent England Suqel
Kingdom of Great Britain Suqel
Axxam-is Legliz
Tagrawn n uzdar English people Suqel
Timekkest Kensington Suqel, 20 Meɣres 1727 (Julian)
Ideg n uẓekka Westminster Abbey Suqel
Tawacult
Baba-s Isaac Newton Sr.
Yemma-s Hannah Ayscough
Tissulya akked no value
Tiɣri
Alma mater The King's School, Grantham Suqel
(1655 - 1659)
Trinity College Suqel
(Yunyu 1661 - Ɣuct 1665) Bachelor of Arts Suqel
Trinity College Suqel
(Yebrir 1667 - 1668) Master of Arts Suqel
Thesis director Isaac Barrow Suqel
Doctoral students Abraham de Moivre Suqel
Roger Cotes Suqel
William Whiston Suqel
Tutlayin Talatint
Taglizit
Amahil
Amahil mathematician Suqel, afelsuf, physicist Suqel, astronomer Suqel, theologian Suqel, inventor Suqel, alchemist Suqel, asertay, polymath Suqel, university teacher Suqel, non-fiction writer Suqel, theoretical physicist Suqel, occultist Suqel akked chemist Suqel
Ideg n umahil Cambridge Suqel
Employers University of Cambridge Suqel
Important works Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica Suqel
Method of Fluxions Suqel
Opticks, or a Treatise of the Reflections, Refractions, Inflections and Colours of Light Suqel
Prizes
Influenced by René Descartes
Membership Royal Society Suqel
Taflest
Asɣan Anglicanism Suqel
Isaac Newton signature ws.svg
D amussnak (mathématicien), d amusnagamaw (physicien) aglizi, Isaac Newton d yiwen seg wid iqqimen deg umezruy i lebda, acku tiliwa n tussna i d-yeǧǧa ur ttɣarayent ara. Newton gar wid i d-isnulfan asiḍen (calcul), yufa-d tifeɣt n tiddit n tafat (optique).Ɣef umussu (amimeḍ), Newton isnulfa-d kraḍ ilugan, seg tid I d-iffeɣen alugen n uselmem anmeɣrad (gravitation universelle).

Newton sir Isaac ilul ass n 25 dujember 1642 di temdint Woolsthorpe (tamurt n Legliz), mi zrin sin wagguren ɣef tmettant n baba-s. Yemma-s Hannah teǧǧa-t i jidda-s ad t-id-tessker.

Newton ikfa taɣuri-ines tamezwarut di Trinity College n Grantham. Deg useggas 1661 ikcem ɣer tesdawit n Cambridge ikemmel taɣuri armi d aseggas 1665 ansa i d-iffeɣ s turagt (licence), aseggas-a i d-teḍra temsalt n tteteffaḥt is-d ildin allen ɣef ujebbud n tfekkiwin (attraction des corps).

Deg useggas 1667 Newton yuɣal d imekki di tesdawit Cambridge. Deg useggas 1666 isnulfa-d asiḍen (calcul). Deg useggas 1669 yuɣ amḍiq d aselmad n tusnakt di tesdawit n Cambridge. Newton yerra aṭas lmendad-is ar tiddit n tafat, deg useggas 1672 Newton yeɛreḍ ad d-yaf tifeɣt n ini (couleur) n tafat, inna-d: “Tafat d asmlili n iẓenẓaren n ini”.

Deg useggas 1686 isnulfa-d tilḥi (dynamique) s lsas n kraḍ ilugan n umussu:

  • Amenzay amenzu: Tafekka ur tettmimiḍ ara neɣ amussu-ines ur ittbeddil ara (tazzla-ines), ma illa azal n tmernit n imsedda (somme véctorielle) n tezmert i tt-yeɛnan d ilem.
  • Amenzay wis-sin : Lsas n tilḥi

Newton, iqqen timzizzelt (accéleration) n tfekka ɣer tezmert i tt-yeɛnan: F=ma

F : tazmert (N) m : tazsit n tfekka (kg) a: timzizzelt m/s2

  • Amenzay wis-kraḍ: Tigawt d tesdmert (action-réaction)

Ma illa tafekka 1 tedemmir tafekka nniḍen 2 s tezmert f1,2, ihi, tafekka tis-snat tettara-d I tfekka 1 tazmert f2,1: f1/2+f2/1=0

Newton iddem-d ilugan-a iseqdec-iten ɣer wid n Kepler, sway i d-yufa: kra n tfekka illan di tallunt (espace) neɣ deg umḍal, tettaɣ-itt tazmert i wumi semman aselmem (gravité).

Yura daɣen Philosophiae Naturalis Principia Mathematica deg useggas n 1687. Ilmend n wayen iqdec d wayen i d-ifka, isem-is yuɣ aferdis (unité) n tezmert (N).

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