Nelson Mandela

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Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela-2008 (edit).jpg
19. Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement

2 Ctamber 1998 - 1999
Andrés Pastrana Arango - Thabo Mbeki
10. President of South Africa

10 Mayyu 1994 - 14 Yunyu 1999
F. W. de Klerk - Thabo Mbeki
member of the National Assembly of South Africa

Tameddurt
Isem-is ameqqran Rolihlahla Mandela
Talalit Mvezo, 18 Yulyu 1918
Taɣlent Tafriqt n Wenẓul
Axxam-is Houghton Estate
Tutlayt tayemmat Xhosa
Lmut Houghton Estate, 5 Dujamber 2013
Amkan n uẓekka Tafriqt n Wenẓul
Amek yemmut  (respiratory system disease)
Tafamilt
Baba-s Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa
Yemma-s Nosekeni Fanny
Zzwaj akked Evelyn Mase  (5 Tuber 1944 -  19 Meɣres 1957)
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela  (14 Yunyu 1958 -  19 Meɣres 1996)
Graça Machel  (18 Yulyu 1998 -  5 Dujamber 2013)
Arraw-is
Tafamilt
Leqraya
Alma mater University of the Witwatersrand
University of South Africa Bachelor of Arts
University of Fort Hare
University of London
Tutlayin Taglizit
Xhosa
Lxedma
Lxedma asertay, autobiographer, lawyer akked political activist
Prizes
Membership American Academy of Arts and Sciences
Liman
Ddin Methodism
Political parties African National Congress
IMDb nm0541691
www.nelsonmandela.org/
Nelson Mandela Signature.svg

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (susru s xhosa [xoˈliːɬaɬa manˈdeːla]), ɣef ayed isem n tamadla-s « Madiba », ilul ass di Mvezo[1] (Tadukkli n Tafriqt n Unẓul). Yemmut ass di Johannesburg, d-argaz n Uwanek n Tafriqt n Wenẓul ; yella deg iɣellaten imezrayen n Imenɣi mgal anagraw aserti n apartheid uqbel ad yuɣal aselway n Tagduda n Tefriqt n Wenẓul seg 1994 ar 1999, sakin des tifranin timezwura tiɣelnawin war beḍḍu n iri deg l'umezruy n tmurt agi.

Nelson Mandela yekcem ar Uswir Aɣelnaw Aferkan (ANC) deg ussegwas 1944, iwakken ad i nnaɣ mgal aɣmar aserti n tadersi tamellalt dɣa abeṭṭu n iran i t-seṭṭef taneggarut agi. Yuɣal d-abugaṭu, i ttekki ar ubellen war takriḍt mgal isuḍaf n apartheid, id i yesexdem anabaḍ n Ukabar Aɣelnaw seg 1948. Deg useggwas 1960, ANC yuɣal d-amegdul ; daɣen, abellen Amelwi ur d-yettak ara igmaḍ yelḥan, Mandela yesnulfa-d ageṭṭum aserdas n ANC, Umkhonto we Sizwe (Uzzal n uxtuc n uɣlan), deg useggwas 1961. Xedmen timhalin n wesfata mgal isgulaf izuyaz d-iserdasen. Ass n , yetweḥbes sɣuṛ lbulis n Tafriqt n Unẓul s-timula n CIA (Tafullut Talemmast n Umel), daɣen ḥekmen-as i lḥebs d imuhal n tmara alamma d lmut deg uẓmaẓ n Rivunia. Imir, y-uɣal d-azamul n ubellen i tulut n iran dɣa yermes tadhelt tagraɣlant i temɣeren.

Sakin 27 iseggwasen di lḥebs deg tiwtilin tiweɛṛanin, erran-as tilelli i Mandela ass n , sakin, aneggaru-agi yeḥuded amsuɣal d ustug s unabaḍ n uselway Frederik de Klerk. Di 1993, yermes (s de Klerk) arraz Nubel n talwit acku sseḥbesen (sin yidsen) deg talwitanhil n apartheid dɣa ssersen-d llsisan n Tafriqt n Wenẓul tamegdayt tamaynut[N 1].

Sakin tukkit i wɛeṛen anda de Klerk d-netta ssinefen ṭrad taɣarimt gar imuɣlen n apartheid, wid n ANC dɣa wid n Inkhata s-uneɣmar zulu, Nelson Mandela y-uɣal aselway aberkan amezwaru n Tafriqt n Wenẓul di 1994. Yenheṛ tasertit n umsuɣal aɣelnaw gar iberkanen d-imellalen ; yennaɣ mgal tirgaddiwin tudmisin, lamaɛna yestehzi amennuɣ mgal SIDA, yellan deg tallit n urnay deg Tafriqt n Wenẓul. Sakin lmanda awḥid, yekkes iman-is deg tameddurt tasertit turmidt, lamaɛna i kemmel arfad azayez i Uswir aɣelnaw aferkan maca i kemmel ad i ssiẓer tifuliwin-is.

Yeddukel sakin deg aṭas tiddukliwin n ubellen mgal tileqqi nneɣ sida, yetwerfed ar usertatu n tigemmi tucrikt n talsa[1], Yeqqim d-yiwen udem deg umaḍal yetsmeḥsesen ɣef usentel n Izerfan n Wergaz dɣa yetwali am baba-s n Tafriqt n Wenẓul agetiri d amegday ummid, semman-as « aɣlan taslit n wenẓar », ɣas ma tamurt yesɛa weṛɛad igna n tirgaddiwin tudmisin, tussdiwin timettiyin dɣa tuqqla ɣer timɣiwan.


Tizmilin[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

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