Nelson Mandela

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Simpleicons Interface user-outline.svg Nelson Mandela
Nelson Mandela-2008.jpg
19. Secretary General of the Non-Aligned Movement Suqel

Ctamber 2, 1998 - 1999
Andrés Pastrana Arango Suqel - Thabo Mbeki Suqel
10. President of South Africa Suqel

Mayyu 10, 1994 - Yunyu 14, 1999
F. W. de Klerk Suqel - Thabo Mbeki Suqel
Tameddurt
Isem-is ummid Rolihlahla Mandela
Talalit Mvezo Suqel, Yulyu 18, 1918
Taɣlent Tafriqt n Wenẓul
Axxam-is Houghton Estate Suqel
Tagrawn n uzdar Thembu tribe Suqel
Tutlayt tayemmat Xhosa Suqel
Timekkest Houghton Estate Suqel, Dujamber 5, 2013
Ideg n uẓekka Tafriqt n Wenẓul
Tamentilt n tmekkest  (respiratory disease Suqel)
Tawacult
Baba-s Gadla Henry Mphakanyiswa
Yemma-s Noqaphi nosekeni
Tissulya akked Evelyn Mase Suqel  (Tuber 5, 1944 -  Meɣres 19, 1957)
Winnie Madikizela-Mandela Suqel  (Yunyu 14, 1958 -  Meɣres 19, 1996)
Graça Machel Suqel  (Yulyu 18, 1998 -  Dujamber 5, 2013)
Arraw-is
Tawacult
Tiɣri
Alma mater University of the Witwatersrand Suqel
University of South Africa Suqel Bachelor of Arts Suqel
University of Fort Hare Suqel
University of London Suqel
Tutlayin Taglizit
Xhosa Suqel
Amahil
Amahil asertay, autobiographer Suqel, lawyer Suqel akked political activist Suqel
Prizes
Membership American Academy of Arts and Sciences Suqel
Taflest
Asɣan Methodism Suqel
Ikabaren isertiyen African National Congress Suqel
South African Communist Party Suqel
IMDb nm0541691
www.nelsonmandela.org/
Nelson Mandela Signature.svg

Nelson Rolihlahla Mandela (susru s xhosa [xoˈliːɬaɬa manˈdeːla]), ɣef ayed isem n tamadla-s « Madiba », ilul ass 18 yulyu 1918 di Mvezo[1] (Tadukkli n Tafriqt n Unẓul). Yemmut ass 5 dujamber 2013 di Johannesburg, d-argaz n Uwanek n Tafriqt n Wenẓul ; yella deg iɣellaten imezrayen n Imenɣi mgal anagraw aserti n apartheid uqbel ad yuɣal aselway n Tagduda n Tefriqt n Wenẓul seg 1994 ar 1999, sakin des tifranin timezwura tiɣelnawin war beḍḍu n iri deg l'umezruy n tmurt agi.

Nelson Mandela yekcem ar Uswir Aɣelnaw Aferkan (ANC) deg ussegwas 1944, iwakken ad i nnaɣ mgal aɣmar aserti n tadersi tamellalt dɣa abeṭṭu n iran i t-seṭṭef taneggarut agi. Yuɣal d-abugaṭu, i ttekki ar ubellen war takriḍt mgal isuḍaf n apartheid, id i yesexdem anabaḍ n Ukabar Aɣelnaw seg 1948. Deg useggwas 1960, ANC yuɣal d-amegdul ; daɣen, abellen Amelwi ur d-yettak ara igmaḍ yelḥan, Mandela yesnulfa-d ageṭṭum aserdas n ANC, Umkhonto we Sizwe (Uzzal n uxtuc n uɣlan), deg useggwas 1961. Xedmen timhalin n wesfata mgal isgulaf izuyaz d-iserdasen. Ass n 12 yulyu 1963, yetweḥbes sɣuṛ lbulis n Tafriqt n Unẓul s-timula n CIA (Tafullut Talemmast n Umel), daɣen ḥekmen-as i lḥebs d imuhal n tmara alamma d lmut deg uẓmaẓ n Rivunia. Imir, y-uɣal d-azamul n ubellen i tulut n iran dɣa yermes tadhelt tagraɣlant i temɣeren.

Sakin 27 iseggwasen di lḥebs deg tiwtilin tiweɛṛanin, erran-as tilelli i Mandela ass n 11 fuṛaṛ 1990, sakin, aneggaru-agi yeḥuded amsuɣal d ustug s unabaḍ n uselway Frederik de Klerk. Di 1993, yermes (s de Klerk) arraz Nubel n talwit acku sseḥbesen (sin yidsen) deg talwitanhil n apartheid dɣa ssersen-d llsisan n Tafriqt n Wenẓul tamegdayt tamaynut[N 1].

Sakin tukkit i wɛeṛen anda de Klerk d-netta ssinefen ṭrad taɣarimt gar imuɣlen n apartheid, wid n ANC dɣa wid n Inkhata s-uneɣmar zulu, Nelson Mandela y-uɣal aselway aberkan amezwaru n Tafriqt n Wenẓul di 1994. Yenheṛ tasertit n umsuɣal aɣelnaw gar iberkanen d-imellalen ; yennaɣ mgal tirgaddiwin tudmisin, lamaɛna yestehzi amennuɣ mgal SIDA, yellan deg tallit n urnay deg Tafriqt n Wenẓul. Sakin lmanda awḥid, yekkes iman-is deg tameddurt tasertit turmidt, lamaɛna i kemmel arfad azayez i Uswir aɣelnaw aferkan maca i kemmel ad i ssiẓer tifuliwin-is.

Yeddukel sakin deg aṭas tiddukliwin n ubellen mgal tileqqi nneɣ sida, yetwerfed ar usertatu n tigemmi tucrikt n talsa[1], Yeqqim d-yiwen udem deg umaḍal yetsmeḥsesen ɣef usentel n Izerfan n Wergaz dɣa yetwali am baba-s n Tafriqt n Wenẓul agetiri d amegday ummid, semman-as « aɣlan taslit n wenẓar », ɣas ma tamurt yesɛa weṛɛad igna n tirgaddiwin tudmisin, tussdiwin timettiyin dɣa tuqqla ɣer timɣiwan.


Tizmilin[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

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