Molière

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Molière
Molière - Nicolas Mignard (1658).jpg
Tameddurt
Isem-is ameqqran Jean-Baptiste Poquelin
Talalit Paris, 15 Yennayer 1622
Taɣlent Kingdom of France
Ethnic group French people
Tutlayt tayemmat Tafransist
Lmut Paris, 17 Fuṛaṛ 1673
Amkan n uẓekka Père Lachaise Cemetery
Q29376858
Museum of French Monuments
Amek yemmut natural causes (tuberculosis)
Tafamilt
Zzwaj akked Armande Béjart  (20 Fuṛaṛ 1662 -  17 Fuṛaṛ 1673)
Couple(s) Madeleine Béjart
Arraw-is
Leqraya
Alma mater Lycée Louis-le-Grand
Old University of Orléans
Tutlayin Tafransist
Lxedma
Lxedma playwright, stage actor, amedyaz, satirist, theatre director akked dramaturge
Important works Les Fourberies de Scapin
Le Bourgeois gentilhomme
The Imaginary Invalid
The Misanthrope
Tartuffe
Dom Juan
The School for Wives
The Imaginary Cuckold
Psyché
Q24821003
Q24821002
Q24820999
The Blunderer, or the Counterplots
The School for Husbands
L'Impromptu de Versailles
The Miser
L'Amour médecin
Les Précieuses ridicules
Q3232857
Les Femmes Savantes
Q3230474
Q3227160
Le Médecin volant
Le Médecin malgré lui
Forced marriage
Lovers' quarrels
Princess of Elis
Q2401538
Influenced by Plautus
Movement classicism
Artistic movement comedy
farce
IMDb nm0596942
Firma de Moliere.png

Jean-Baptiste Poquelin yettwassnen s yisem-nnes n unaẓur n Molière (ilul deg 15 Yennayer 1622 deg Paris - yemmut deg 17 Furar 1673 deg temdint-nni), d amaru n tmezgunin yerna d asegbar (acteur) n umezgun, d yiwen seg wuẓwiren imeqranen n tmellaɣt (comédie) deg tmura tutrimin.

Timzegunin[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Gar tmezgunin yettwassnen n Molière llant:

  • Le Misanthrope (Win ikeṛhen medden)
  • L'École des femmes (Aɣerbaz n tsednan)
  • Tartuffe ou L'Imposteur (Tartuffe neɣ Axeddaɛ)
  • L'Avare ou L'École du mensonge (Amecḥaḥ neɣ Aɣerbaz n Tkerkas)
  • Le Malade imaginaire (Amuḍin asugnan)
  • Le Bourgeois Gentilhomme (Agentleman aburjwa)

Tameddurt[ẓreg | ẓreg aɣbalu]

Moilère yenker-d deg yiwet n twacult d tamerkantit yerna d aya ay as-igan ifadden akken ad yekcem ɣer umezgun. Yeqdec 13 n yiseggasen d asegbar (acteur) ay itteddun seg wemkan ɣer wayeḍ akken ad yurar timezgunin, yerna aya iɛawen-it akken ad igerrez tamussni-nnes deg usseḍsi n medden asmi ay yebda yettaru.

Imi ay yella yessen kra n warisṭuqraṭen, iṣaḥ-it-id ad d-yurar timezgunin sdat ugellid n Fransa, Louis wis 14 deg leqṣer n Louvre. D aya ay yejjan agellid ad as-yefk yiwet n tzeɣɣa deg Louvre akken ad yetturar deg-s timezgunin. Sakkin, agellid iɛemmed-as i Molière ad yurar timezgunin ula deg Leqṣer Ageldan (Palais-Royal), dɣa d aya ay yejjan Molière ad yeqqel mechur mliḥ gar yimezdaɣen n Paris s tmezgunin-nnes yesseḍsayen, yerna tagrawt n Molière qqlen ɣɣaren-as "Tagrawt n Ugellid [Troupe du Roi]". Maca, ɣas ma yella Molière yella yesseḍsay, llan kra ay yebdan kkaten-d deg tmezgunin-nnes yerna ttwalin-tent xulfent imenzayen akked ddin (gar-asen imḍebbren n Taklizt Takaṭulikt). Tamezgunt n Tartuffe ou L'Imposteur (Tartuffe Axeddaɛ) iga-tt Molière akken ad d-iwet deg yergazen n wesɣan (ddin) ay ixeddɛen medden, dɣa d aya ay yesserfan taklizt. Seg tama niḍen, Molière yella iqeddec aṭas yerna aya yesseɛya tazmert-nnes, dɣa ɣef waya ay yeḥbes leqdic deg 1667 akken ad yesgunfu. Deg wass aydeg ara yemmet, deg 1671, Molière yella yetturar-d tamezgunt-nnes taneggarut, Le Malade Imaginaire (Amuḍin asugnan), dɣa teṭṭef-it yiwet n tusut d tameqrant (imi ay yella yuḍen tideggirt (tuberculose). Ɣas ma yella ikemmel urar arma ay tfuk tmezgunt-nni, Molière yemmut kra kan n tsaɛtin sakkin.