Ccinwa

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Ccinwa d tamurt tameqrant ay d-yezgan deg wegmuḍ (ccerq) n Asya. Tajumma-nnes 9.640.821 km2 (yikilumitren imkuẓen). Zedɣen-tt 1.336.718.015 n yimezdaɣen (Icinwaten). D nettat ay d tamurt yesɛan aṭas akk n yimezdaɣen deg umaḍal.

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Tamurt-a d nettat ay d tis kraḍ (3) deg umaḍal seg yidis n wakal (sdeffir Rrus ed Kanada), yerna 40% seg wakal-nnes ɛlay ugar n 2000 n lmitrat. Idraren iɛlayanen akk deg umaḍal (Himalaya) zgan-d ɣef tlisa n Ccinwa akked Lhend ed Nepal. Ccinwa tesɛa daɣen yiwen seg yineẓrufen (ṣṣḥari) imeqranen akk deg umaḍal, aneẓruf n Gubi, am wakken ay tesɛa ugar n 5000 n yisafen. Tamurt-a tesɛa tallit aydeg d-yekkat aṭas ugeffur (d tallit n tmusunt, deg unebdu), maca igefran-a ttgen, tiikkal, ixeṣṣaren d imeqranen.

Ccinwa tesɛa agdud ameqran akk deg umaḍal: ugar n 20% seg yimezdaɣen n umaḍal d Icinwaten. Maca amur ameqran seg yimezdaɣen n Ccinwa ddren deg tama tagmuḍant (tacerqit) n tmurt. Ugar n 61% n Yicinwaten ddren deg ugama (beṛṛa i temdinin). Ihanen d nitni ay d tadersi (miniroté) tameqrant akk deg Ccinwa (ugar n 90% n yimezdaɣen), yerna d tantala-nsen (dialecte) ay ssawalen Yicinwaten akken ad msefhamen gar-asen.

Deg 1992, Ccinwa tekcem tadamsa n wulzuz (économie de marché): ula ma medden ttalasen ad sɛun tiṛmisin (tikebbaniyin) i yiman-nsen, maca anabaḍ mazal yeṭṭef ṛṛay ameqran deg temsal n tdamsa. Ccinwa d nettat ay d tanfarast (productrice) tameqrant akk deg umaḍal deg wayen yerzan imendi (céréales) am ṛṛuz, irden ed wekbal.