Tuǧa

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Tuǧa neɣ Toudja d yiwet n temdint d tamecṭuḥt, tezga-d deg twilayt n Bgayet, zedɣen-tt azal n 10.000 n yimezdaɣ. Tamdint-a tezga-d deg umkan ɛlayen (Adrar n Weɣbalu, 1317 M) maca, teqreb ɣer lebḥeṛ am wakken teqreb ɣer Leqṣ̣er akked Bgayet. Imezdaɣ n Tuǧa (Ittuǧen) ttmeslayen yiwet n teqbaylit yettemcabin ɣer tin n Wayt Leqṣ̣er (deg ccerq) akked Wayt Ksila (deg lɣerb), yernu ufiɣ-d deg teqbaylit-nsen aṭas n wawalen ur nessin ara deg tuddar-nneɣ n Tizi Wezzu.

Isem n Tuǧa ad yili yekka-d seg wawal tuga. Tuga d leḥcic ay d-imeɣɣin deg lqaɛεa, tetten-t lmal. Qqaren-as yiwen n wanzi : yufa uɣyul amrar, yufa umger tuga. Dɣa nezmer ad as-neqqar tuga i leḥcic. D acu kan, ma tṣ̣eḥḥa tmuɣli-inu deg wayen yerzan isem n temdint-a, nezmer ad nxemmem dakken tuǧa ad yili d talɣa taznatit n tuga. Akken i d-nenna, tintalyin tiznatiyin (am tcawit d temẓabit) ttbeddilen deg-sent kra n yimesliyen (leṣ̣wat), dɣa [g] n teqbaylit yettuɣal d [j] deg tentalyin tiznatiyin, u nezmer ad nxemmem dakken yettuɣal d [ǧ] deg kra n tegnatin. Dɣa yezmer lḥal ad yili yisem n Tuǧa yekka-d seg kra n tentala taznatit taqdimt i iɛeddan ɣef Tmurt n Leqbayel.

Yuɣ lḥal, ɣas ma yella taqbaylit mačči d tantala taznatit, maca nezmer ad naf deg-s kra n wawalen i as-d-yekkan seg tmaziɣt taznatit. ɣef umedya, "iccer", "ticcert" akk d "yiccew" kkan-d merra seg tmaziɣt taznatit. D acu kan, icebba-yi Ṛebbi dakken yewɛer ad nẓer melmi i d-kecmen wawalen-a ɣer teqbaylit. Tiqbilin tiznatiyin llant, deg lasel-nsent, d tiqbilin n yimeksawen ay yebdan la ttinigent deg tagara n tallit n Rruman seg Tunes ɣer lɣerb n Tmazɣa. Tagelda tamaziɣt tamezwarut deg tallit n Lislam d Iznatiyen ay tt-id-yesbedden deg tama n Taheṛt, yernu Imẓubay n Tɣerdayt d arraw n Yiznatiyen-a. Deg Tallit Talemmast, tiqbilin tiznatiyin n lɣerb n Tmazɣa llant la ttnaɣent d teqbilin timaziɣin n ccerq, ladɣa deg tallit n uwanak (ddewla) n Yiḥemmadiyen.

Mebla ccek, aṭas n Yiznatiyen i iɛeddan ɣef Tmurt n Leqbayel u ǧǧan-d deg-s lateṛ deg tutlayt. Ahat isem n Tuǧa d later-nniḍen ay d-ǧǧan Yiznatiyen deg wakal n Tmurt n Leqbayel.

Amezruy[beddel]

Tarakalt[beddel]

Tiɣiwanin tinaragin n Tuǧa
Ilel agrakal
Iqsilen Tuǧa Bgayet
Leqṣer Asif n Ɣir

Tudrin[beddel]

  • Acluf
  • Ifran
  • Tala Hiba
  • Buḥatem
  • Ixf Ulma
  • Azwalen
  • Ccerfa
  • Tiwririn
  • Yimlul
  • Timanitin
  • Tiḥnayin
  • Ayt Ixlef
  • Ayt Meɛzuza
  • Ayt Σli 1
  • Ibelḥaǧen
  • Ibeεεucen
  • Buberka
  • Bubecca
  • Tardam
  • Adɣes
  • Tala Umalu
  • Ssuq Lǧemɛa
  • Ayt Raḥmun
  • Icc n tgemmunt
  • Budawed
  • Ayt Σli 2
  • Ixeṭṭaben
  • Iɣil Σlahem
  • Iheggaren
  • Iḥamiyen
  • Ayt Usalaḥ
  • Iɣil n Sɛid
  • Tagemmunt Xelfa
  • Lmaεerbi
  • Tala n Buḥi
  • Zizlum
  • Tadrart
  • Iɣil Muyen
  • Asun
  • Asumat
  • Isbixen

Muqel Daɣen[beddel]