Nelsun Mandela

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Nelsun Rulihlahla Mandela (susru s xhosa [xoˈliːɬaɬa manˈdeːla]), ɣef ayed isem n tamadla-s « Madiba », ilul ass 18 ulyu 1918 di Mvezo[1] (Tadukkli n Tafrikt n Unẓul). Yemmut ass 5 dujamber 2013 di Johannesburg, d-argaz n Uwanek n Tafrikt n Unẓul ; yella deg iɣellaten imezrayen n Imenɣi mgal anagraw aserti n apartheid uqbel ad yuɣal aselway n Tagduda n Tafrikt n Unẓul seg 1994 ar 1999, sakin des tifranin timezwura tiɣelnawin war beḍḍu n iri deg l'umezruy n tmurt agi.

Nelsun Mandela yekcem ar Uswir Aɣelnaw Aferkan (ANC) deg ussegwas 1944, iwakken ad i nnaɣ mgal aɣmar aserti n tadersi tamellalt dɣa abeṭṭu n iran i t-seṭṭef taneggarut agi. Yuɣal d-abugaṭu, i ttekki ar ubellen war takriḍt mgal isuḍaf n apartheid, id i yesexdem anabaḍ n Ukabar Aɣelnaw seg 1948. Deg useggwas 1960, ANC yuɣal d-amegdul ; daɣen, abellen Amelwi ur d-yettak ara igmaḍ yelḥan, Mandela yesnulfa-d ageṭṭum aserdas n ANC, Umkhonto we Sizwe (Uzzal n uxtuc n uɣlan), deg useggwas 1961. Xedmen timhalin n wesfata mgal isgulaf izuyaz d-iserdasen. Ass n 12 yulyu 1963, yetweḥbes sɣuṛ lbulis n Tafrikt n Unẓul s-timula n CIA (Tafullut Talemmast n Umel), daɣen ḥekmen-as i lḥebs d imuhal n tmara alamma d lmut deg uẓmaẓ n Rivunia. Imir, y-uɣal d-azamul n ubellen i tulut n iran dɣa yermes tadhelt tagraɣlant i temɣeren.

Sakin 27 iseggwasen di lḥebs deg tiwtilin tiweɛṛanin, erran-as tilelli i Mandela ass n 11 fuṛaṛ 1990, sakin, aneggaru-agi yeḥuded amsuɣal d ustug s unabaḍ n uselway Frederik de Klerk. Di 1993, yermes (s de Klerk) arraz Nubel n talwit acku sseḥbesen (sin yidsen) deg talwitanhil n apartheid dɣa ssersen-d llsisan n Tafriqt n Wenẓul tamegdayt tamaynut[N 1].

Sakin tukkit i wɛeṛen anda de Klerk d-netta ssinefen ṭrad taɣarimt gar imuɣlen n apartheid, wid n ANC dɣa wid n Inkhata s-uneɣmar zulu, Nelsun Mandela y-uɣal aselway aberkan amezwaru n Tafriqt n Wenẓul di 1994. Yenheṛ tasertit n umsuɣal aɣelnaw gar iberkanen d-imellalen ; yennaɣ mgal tirgaddiwin tudmisin, lamaɛna yestehzi amennuɣ mgal SIDA, yellan deg tallit n urnay deg Tafriqt n Wenẓul. Sakin lmanda awḥid, yekkes iman-is deg tameddurt tasertit turmidt, lamaɛna i kemmel arfad azayez i Uswir aɣelnaw aferkan maca i kemmel ad i ssiẓer tifuliwin-is.

Yeddukel sakin deg aṭas tiddukliwin n ubellen mgal tileqqi nneɣ sida, yetwerfed ar usertatu n tigemmi tucrikt n talsa[1], Yeqqim d-yiwen udem deg umaḍal yetsmeḥsesen ɣef usentel n Izerfan n Wergaz dɣa yetwali am baba-s n Tafriqt n Wenẓul agetiri d amegday ummid, semman-as « aɣlan taslit n wenẓar », ɣas ma tamurt yesɛa weṛεad igna n tirgaddiwin tudmisin, tussdiwin timettiyin dɣa tuqqla ɣer timɣiwan.


Tizmilin[beddel]

  1. « The Nobel Peace Prize 1993 was awarded jointly to Nelson Mandela and Frederik Willem de Klerk for their work for the peaceful termination of the apartheid regime, and for laying the foundations for a new democratic South Africa. »Lauréats 1993 sur nobelprize.org 'site officiel)
  1. 1.0 1.1 Tuccda n uɣewwar n {{Azday web}} : les paramètres url et azwel sont obligatoires (url : http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/nelson-rolihlahla-mandela).