Nelsun Mandela

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Nelsun Rulihlahla Mandela (susru s xhosa [xoˈliːɬaɬa manˈdeːla]), ɣef ayed isem n tamadla-s « Madiba », ilul ass Mois invalide (ulyu) di Mvezo[1] (Tadukkli n Tafrikt n Unẓul). Yemmut ass di Johannesburg, d-argaz n Uwanek n Tafrikt n Unẓul ; yella deg iɣellaten imezrayen n Imenɣi mgal anagraw aserti n apartheid uqbel ad yuɣal aselway n Tagduda n Tafrikt n Unẓul seg 1994 ar 1999, sakin des tifranin timezwura tiɣelnawin war beḍḍu n iri deg l'umezruy n tmurt agi.

Nelsun Mandela yekcem ar Uswir Aɣelnaw Aferkan (ANC) deg ussegwas 1944, iwakken ad i nnaɣ mgal aɣmar aserti n tadersi tamellalt dɣa abeṭṭu n iran i t-seṭṭef taneggarut agi. Yuɣal d-abugaṭu, i ttekki ar ubellen war takriḍt mgal isuḍaf n apartheid, id i yesexdem anabaḍ n Ukabar Aɣelnaw seg 1948. Deg useggwas 1960, ANC yuɣal d-amegdul ; daɣen, abellen Amelwi ur d-yettak ara igmaḍ yelḥan, Mandela yesnulfa-d ageṭṭum aserdas n ANC, Umkhonto we Sizwe (Uzzal n uxtuc n uɣlan), deg useggwas 1961. Xedmen timhalin n wesfata mgal isgulaf izuyaz d-iserdasen. Ass n , yetweḥbes sɣuṛ lbulis n Tafrikt n Unẓul s-timula n CIA (Tafullut Talemmast n Umel), daɣen ḥekmen-as i lḥebs d imuhal n tmara alamma d lmut deg uẓmaẓ n Rivunia. Imir, y-uɣal d-azamul n ubellen i tulut n iran dɣa yermes tadhelt tagraɣlant i temɣeren.

Sakin 27 iseggwasen di lḥebs deg tiwtilin tiweɛṛanin, erran-as tilelli i Mandela ass n , sakin, aneggaru-agi yeḥuded amsuɣal d ustug s unabaḍ n uselway Frederik de Klerk. Di 1993, yermes (s de Klerk) arraz Nubel n talwit acku sseḥbesen (sin yidsen) deg talwitanhil n apartheid dɣa ssersen-d llsisan n Tafriqt n Wenẓul tamegdayt tamaynut[N 1].

Sakin tukkit i wɛeṛen anda de Klerk d-netta ssinefen ṭrad taɣarimt gar imuɣlen n apartheid, wid n ANC dɣa wid n Inkhata s-uneɣmar zulu, Nelsun Mandela y-uɣal aselway aberkan amezwaru n Tafriqt n Wenẓul di 1994. Yenheṛ tasertit n umsuɣal aɣelnaw gar iberkanen d-imellalen ; yennaɣ mgal tirgaddiwin tudmisin, lamaɛna yestehzi amennuɣ mgal SIDA, yellan deg tallit n urnay deg Tafriqt n Wenẓul. Sakin lmanda awḥid, yekkes iman-is deg tameddurt tasertit turmidt, lamaɛna i kemmel arfad azayez i Uswir aɣelnaw aferkan maca i kemmel ad i ssiẓer tifuliwin-is.

Yeddukel sakin deg aṭas tiddukliwin n ubellen mgal tileqqi nneɣ sida, yetwerfed ar usertatu n tigemmi tucrikt n talsa[1], Yeqqim d-yiwen udem deg umaḍal yetsmeḥsesen ɣef usentel n Izerfan n Wergaz dɣa yetwali am baba-s n Tafriqt n Wenẓul agetiri d amegday ummid, semman-as « aɣlan taslit n wenẓar », ɣas ma tamurt yesɛa weṛεad igna n tirgaddiwin tudmisin, tussdiwin timettiyin dɣa tuqqla ɣer timɣiwan.


Tizmilin[beddel]

  1. 1.0 1.1 Tuccda n uɣewwar n {{Azday web}} : les paramètres url et azwel sont obligatoires (url : http://www.sahistory.org.za/people/nelson-rolihlahla-mandela).


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