Leqran

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Leqran

Awal n Leqran yekka-d si tutlayt taɛrabt (القرآن), anamek-ins taɣuri. D adlis (taktabt) uɣris (iqedsen) n wajjed (ajjed=ddin) n Tineslemt Islam. Ɣur yemselmen, Leqran d awal n Yakuc (Rebbi). Leqran yella d adlis amezwaru s tutlayt taɛrabt. Di lislam llan idlisen nniḍen uɣrisen, am : Tawrat n wasar Musa, Zabur n wasar Dawud, Inǧil s wasar Ɛisa, akw d tira n w-asar Brahim.

Ɣur yenselmen Leqran i yesemlalen awalen n Yakuc i d-iṣaweḍ i talsa isar (nbi) Muḥemmed (محمد) s yeḥricen sɣur anejlus Ǧibril s webrid n tatlayt (oral). Anecta yakw i d-rad di 23 isegasen. Llan wiyad qqaren-as daɣen Lkitab (adlis), neɣ Ddikr (asektu : rappel). Lislam am tmasiḥit i ttwaḥseb n ajjed ameɣradan (universel). Inna Ibn Xaldun : « Leqran d ameslay n Yakuc, yettwars-ed ar wisar Muḥamed u yura deg isebtaren n wedlis ».

Aglam n Leqran[beddel]

Amazrar n l'Islam

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Tira tatrart n Leqran.

Leqran ibḍa af 114 ixfawen. Sesmelen s unnusru af tesɣunt n tuɣzi n sent anagar tamezwarut i g-ttuseman: Taneldit neɣ Tullya (Lfattiḥa). Ixfawen bḍan ayen umi qqaren el-ayat, s teqbaylit anzaten (tiṣurtin : preuves). Dɣa i s-yin i d yekka w-awal Ayatulah. Llan 6219 n inzaten (tṣurtin).

Amezruy n tira n Leqran[beddel]

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Leqran di talit n tasutin (siècles) IX-X.

Deg akud n wisar Muḥamed, ḥekkun-d belli inzaten n Leqran llan ttwarun di yal tɣawsa n yimiren : tiferkiwin n tazdayt, iɣsan lqayen n ileɣwman, igelman, iẓra, atg. Imdanen yumnen s Yakuc, llan lemden-ten deg ulawen-nsen, ama s iḥricen neɣ aken s ummid-is (s lekmal-is). Mi yemmut wisar Muḥamed, wid yellan cfun i yinzaten aken ma llan, ur d-qimen ara s waṭas. Dɣa tusa-d tikti useggrew neɣ usemlili-nsent, lamaɛna ilad umgarad neɣ anka (divergence) af wamek ad yili anecta ger imezdaɣ n tallit-nni di Mekka. Aṭas umgarad yella-d af tasunḍa tasnimirant (ordre chronologique) n twafɣa n yenzaten. Ti tagara imeqq°ranen frantt i waken asemlili n inzaten ad yilli si tṣurett tamuqwrant ar tmecṭuḥ anagar tamezwaru ilaq ad tili, tin isɛan isem Tallya, neɣ Lfattiḥa, am waken d tazwert n Leqran. Anecta msefhamen fell-as taqa imḍebren, ɣas aken llan kra ffɣen-t mgal n turda (ṛṛay) aki, imi ɣursen d tawafɣa mgal n asnimiran aken i t-yebɣa Yakuc.

Mgal ixf Amellay (Erraḥman), yakw ixfawen n Leqran nniḍen beddunt tawinest aki : Bism Allah Erraḥman Erraḥim, neɣ s Tmaziɣt : « S yisem n Yakuc Amellay Amnahaɣ ». Leqran ibḍa af sin iḥricen imeqq°ranen : inzanen i d-yeffɣen di tɣiwant Mekka, d wid i d-yeffɣen di tɣiwant Madina. Inzanen n Mekka, d timecṭah, ffɣent-ed uqbel Inig (Hiǧra) n wisar Muḥammed si Mekka ar Madina. Ma d tidak n Madina, d timeqqranin, ffɣent-ed mbeɛd Inig-is.

Asuqel n Leqran ar tazwawt, ar tamaziɣt[beddel]

Ibarɣawaten[beddel]

Tisuqeltin (tasuqelt:traduction) n Leqran ar taqbaylit, wala ar tutlayin nniden n tmaziɣt, ibda-d si tallit-nni n tgelda n Barɣwata. Tagelda-yaki tuɣ azar di tama n Tamesna (tura d taɣiwant n Rabaṭ n tmurt n Maruk). Win id isbed-en tagelda aki d Saleḥ At Tarif, d yuday n Maruk i ikecmen ar tneslemt. Tigelda i yellan imiren, am Idrisiyen, At Zirid, Imrabṭen, Imewḥiden, ḥesben Ibarɣawaten d imeslab, imi llan seqdacen yiwen n Islam imgarad af win i llan anda nniḍen, ladɣa di tmura n waɛraben deg usamar.

Qqaren, Ibarɣawaten iṭef-en si tidmi VII ar tidmi XI, sɛan Leqran-nsen i yuran s Tmaziɣt, t-zalan sin iberdan deg wass, uzzumu n Remḍan nsen wezzil yal ass. Daɣen qqaren sɛan yiwen n wisar (nbi) d Amaziɣ, d Saleḥ At Tarif, u ɣur-sen d netta i d anegaru deg umaḍal, mačči d Muḥammed. Ilmend n waya ffɣen-t-ed tigelda nni id nudder, mgal Ibarɣawaten, u sekren trad mgal nsen, armi iɣlin deg ifassen n Imewḥiden deg usegwas 1149. Amek id yella waya : di tagara n tallit aki n Ibarɣawaten, yusa-d yiwen n Ṭaleb d Asufi (Tasnakta Tasufit) umi qaren Lmahdi Muḥamed At Tumert, ilul ger 1079 d 1081, i yeɣra-n cwiṭ di tmurt n Andaluzi, d netta i yefkan taɣiwant n Marakec i yImewḥiden. Asmi immut deg 1130, anelmad ines Abdelmumin, i yemlal di Bgayet tazwawt, d netta i d-isbeden s wudem unṣib tagelda n-Imewḥiden, i iseɣlin Ibarɣawaten. Qqaren belli Imewḥiden serɣen yak° ayen yuran Ibarɣawaten, ula d Leqran s Tmaziɣt. Lamaɛna Lmahdi At tumert, i snuqel-d Leqran ar Tmaziɣt aken nniden. Anecta i lla-d s isekkilen n Taɛrabt, tamrirt (later:trace) ines ur iban anda yedda.

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Amawal amasɣan n tmaziɣt : Asuqel n sin yeḥricen ineggura n weqran sɣur Kamal Nayet Zerrad.

1998 : Kamal Nait Zerrad[beddel]

Agdud Amaziɣ yerǧa armi d 1998, d amek id yella yiwen unnaruḍ, neɣ tamezzuyt sɣur umnadi azwaw n tasnawalt (Linguistique), Kamal Naït-Zerrad, af tasuqelt n Leqran ar Tmaziɣt. Lamaɛna mačči yak°, sin nni kan iḥricen ineggura n Leqran, azal n 49 inzaten: Tullya d tidak i yellan d timecṭaḥ i d-yezgan di taggara n Leqran, i snen i yis ittẓallan yemselmen s umata. Anecta isemlil-it-id Kamal Nayet Zerrad deg yiwen n wedlis, umi isemma Amawal amasɣan n tmaziɣt : asuqel n sin yeḥricen ineggura n weqran, s tefranṣiṣt : Lexique religieux berbère et néologie : un essai de traduction partielle du Coran. Adlis-a isɛan 347 isebtaren, effɣ-ed sɣur: 'Centre d'Etudes Camito-Semitique' ak° d 'Association Culturelle berbère en Italie'. Deg umdeya, attan tanzatt n Lfattiḥa, umi isemma Taneldit :

S yisem n Yakuc Amellay Amnahaɣ
Tamayt i Yakuc, mass n umeɣrad
Amellay amnahaɣ
Agellid n wass n wesɣan
D keč i nettmudu, ɣur-ek la ntetter tullin
Welleh-aɣ s abrid amaɣud
Abrid n wid imi tessugteḍ tinufa, ur d wid ɣef i terfiḍ, ur d immunaf
Amin

1999 : Juhadi Elḥusin[beddel]

Aseggas umbeɛd, di 1999, yiwen uselmad umezruy Acelḥi n Ayt Baɛemran yudsen Sus di yiwet n tasnawit (Lycée) di tɣiwant n Anfa (Casablanca), di tmurt n Murakuc, Juhadi Elḥusin yga tasuqilt n Leqran akk s 114 ixfawen-is, ar tutlayt Tamaziɣt seld mraw (10) iseggasen n leqdic ilmend n wannecta. Yura-t s-isekkilen n taɛrabt, aken i d-yenna, anecta ixedm-it i waken a t-yefhem yal Amaziɣ n Maruk mi ara t-iɣer.

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Leqran s tazwawt s iskilen n taɛrabt : Taduli n wedlis

Di tmurt n Lezzayer, ass n 30 yunyu 2006, aɣmis Aɣmis Lmuǧahid yura belli taneɣleft iwezzla n ajjed atan yessufeɣ-d asuqel amaddu (complet) n Leqran, sɣur Ḥaǧ Muḥand Tayeb, Aselway usqamu ussin n tmezgidat (leǧwama) n temnaṭ (wilaya) n Tizi Wezzu. Anecta ad ifeɣ ar tizrigin (Imprimerie) n ugelid n tmurt n Arabi Sawudi, di Riyaḍ. Seld n waya, yuffad lḥal, ffɣend kra yexfawen (13 Ḥizb) n Leqran s taqbaylit as tizrigin aki dɣa n ugellid Fahd Ben Abdel Aziz Al-Sawud.

2003 (1424 h.) : Asuqel n ugellid Fahd[beddel]

Asuqel n Leqran di tizrigin n ugellid Fahd s dsaw n taswett n tneɣleft iwezzla n wejjed n tmurt n Lezzayer, ila-d s isekkilen n taɛrabt. Daɣen amur ameqqran n wawalen llan s taɛrabt, acu kan s umesli d tamṣukt taǧerrumit (structure grammaticale) n teqbaylit. Anza n Lfattiḥa, anagar isem-is iqqimen s taɛrabt, ula ṭaqa n wawalen-is s taɛrabt, ɣas ulamma tamawalt (vocabulaire) n taqbaylit, neɣ n tamaziɣt tezmer. Atan amek i yella useqel n Lfattiḥa :

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Leqran s tazwawt s iskilen n taɛrabt : Anza Tullya (Lfattiḥa)
S yisem arebi deraḥman deraḥim.
Aneḥmed rebbi atnecker, ad netta id bab netxelqit.
Dereḥman deraḥim.
Ass n lḥeq netta i d bab-is.
D keč kan ara neɛbed, d keč kan i d-amɛiwen.
Mlaɣ abrid i ṣewben,
Abrid bwiḍ i tneɛmeḍ fell-asen
Mači d widak k-isarfen, neɣ wid mu-ɛerqen iberdan
Amin'

Amedya wayeḍ, d anza, umi qaren s teɛrabt El-ixlaṣ, asnuquel ar taqbaylit, mačči d win : Qul Huwa Llahu Aḥed. Yernu am Lfattiḥa, imesla-s d taɛrabt. A tnan :

S yisem arebi deraḥman deraḥim.
Ina-sen d netta id reb weḥdes
D netta iḥuǧen lxelq-is
Ur d ilul ur isɛi mmis
Ḥed ur yelli d lmetl-is

Ma nezra, kra n ismal n uzeṭṭa n Internet, a naf kra n inzaten s Tmaziɣt, ladɣa wi d-ixedmen imaziɣen n Maruk. Amedya d tasuqelt n wanza El-ixlaṣ, imu semman Amuzzu. Atan wamek i t-tnuqlen imaziɣen n Sus, s tmaziɣt taqurant :

S isem n Yakuc amellay amnahaɣ.
Ini-d: Yakuc iga iyanen.
Yakuc iga amaɣlal.
Ur irew, ur it ittrew.
D ur ili win ara igdun.

2007 : Ramḍan At Manṣur[beddel]

Asdawi d umedyaz Ramḍan At Manṣur, i yellan daɣen d aselmad n Takrura yesuqel Leqran at tutlayt tazwawt (taqbaylit) seld kraḍ (3) iseggasen d uzgen uqedec degs. Issufeɣ-it-id ar tizrigin 'Zyriab' n umyaru yettwasnen Yusef Nasib. Adlis deg-s 491 isebtaren, u yura s sin inagrawen isekkilen : Tifinaɣ akw d Talatint. Adlis a iffɣ-d s uḍebsi n CD-Rom.

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Leqran s Tazwawt sɣur Ramḍan At Manṣur

.

Kra imedyaten n tṣurtin n Leqran[beddel]

Seg usmel: http://www.freemorocco.com/tamkardit-library/lexique_religieux_berbere_traduction_coran_amawal_ujjid.pdf

1-Taqsidt n Zakariyya slam fellas:

"K.H.Y.Ɛ. (1), d taqsidt n tmella n ugellid-ik ɣef uqeddac-is (lɛebd-is) Zakariyya (2), mi inuja Agellid-is s usuter uffir (3), yenna: (a y Agellid-iw : iɣsan-iw lwayit, u aqarruy-iw yecɛel (ucebbub-is) si ccib, u ur elliɣ ara a y Agllid-iw d ageswa mi ik i nessuter-aɣ(4)" [Maryem].

2-Taqsidt n El Isae:

"Tamanegt (seban) i win i yesnigen aqeddac-is (lɛebd-is) deg yi si lǧamaɛ aɣuddid ɣer lǧamaɛ ibaɛden i deg in-nemmer (nburek) tinilwin (ayen is i d yezzin), aken at neǧǧ ad iwali kra deg izmulen-nneɣ, d Netta id Amislay (i isellen) id Amiray (i yetwalin) (1)" [Al-Israe].

3-Taqsidt n sin n warraw n Adam:

"U eku-asen i d s tidett taqit/isalli n sin n warraw n Adam, yal yiwen degsen imudd asfel, yiwen degsen yetwaqbel (usfel-is), ma d waye-nni ur s yetwaqbel ara, (aneggaru agi) yennad :ar d ak enɣ-eɣ, yennad (waye-nni) : ebbi yetteqbal sɣur wid yellan d lmuttaqin (27) ma teleqeed afus-ik ɣuri aken a y itenɣe nekini ur n telaqeɣ ara ɣurek afus-iw iwakken ak enɣeɣ, (imi) tagadeɣ Allah Agellid n imeɣraden (28) smenyifeɣ ad tɛebbi ibekkaen-iw (dnubat-iw) d ibekkaen-ik, u ad tili deg at n tmest, u ayenni d ayen yeggunin wid yettelamen (29) dɣa tefka-as tnefsit-is ad ineɣ gmas, dɣa yenɣat, dɣa yuɣal deg/ger wid ixesen" [Al-Maida].

4-Taqsit n at lɣar:

"Mi erran yelmeyen ɣer lɣar, dɣa ennand:a y Agellid-nneɣ mudd-aɣ i d sɣur-ek tamella, u heggi y aɣ i d lewqama deg ayen iɣ yerza (10) dɣa nesɛueg imeuɣen-nsen di lɣar (nni) aas n iseggasen (11) sin akin nesker-iten id aken aner anwa ger snat n terbaɛin ara y ilin yeseb aken iwata takkit turfrint (exacte) n tɣimit-nsen (di lɣar-nni) (12) nekni nekku y ak id s tidett taqsi-nsen, nutni d ilmeyen felsen (umenen) s Ugellid-nsen u nerna-asen di tiddin nsen deg ubrid n ddin (13)" [Al-Kahf].

Tisuqilin n Leqran s tutlayt Tamaziɣt[beddel]